Development and transfer of technologies
Promoting and enhancing action on the development and transfer of environmentally sound
technologies to developing country Parties is critical to supporting action on
mitigation of greenhouse gases and adaptation to the adverse effects of climate change.
Mechanism established by the Cancun Agreements in December 2010 represents a step to move
beyond the 'conventional' approach to technology transfer under the Convention
undertaken in the past – based essentially on capacity building and technology needs
assessments – to a more 'dynamic' arrangement geared towards fostering
public-private partnerships; promoting innovation; catalyzing the use of technology road maps
or action plans; responding to developing country Party requests on matters related to
technology transfer; and facilitating joint R&D activities. The Technology Mechanism
consists of the Technology Executive
Committee (TEC) and the Climate Technology
Centre and Network (CTCN).
The Technology Mechanism, which became fully operational in 2012, will play a
meaningful role in making a "real" difference as envisaged by the Cancun
Agreements. Importantly, the Technology Mechanism must become an integrated and coherent
entity which is both flexible in its design and operations and effective in carrying out its
tasks to support the ultimate objective of the Convention. It would do this through
accelerating international, regional and national technology development and transfer action
that supports mitigation and adaptation on the ground at a scale that can make an impact on
the global effort.
Technology Executive Committee
The TEC, as the policy component of the Technology Mechanism, facilitates the effective
implementation of the Technology Mechanism, consistent with its functions. The TEC also
further implements the technology transfer
framework, with special attention given to supporting the important ongoing effort of
developing country Parties to identify and prioritize their technology needs through Technology Needs
Assessments (TNAs). The TNA process is supported by the Poznan strategic programme on
Climate Technology Centre and Network
The CTCN, the implementation component of the Technology Mechanism, facilitates the effective
implementation of the Technology Mechanism, consistent with its functions. One of the primary functions of the CTCN is to respond to
requests from developing country Parties, sent through their national designated entities, on
matters related to the development and transfer of technology. Both the TEC and the CTCN are
accountable to and operate under the guidance of the COP.
Technology information clearing house
The technology information clearing house (TT:CLEAR)
aims to provide information in support of ongoing technology transfer activities under the
Convention as well as to enhance the generation and flow of, access to, reliable technical,
economic, environmental and regulatory information relating to the development and transfer
of environmentally sound technologies.