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Technical Expert Meetings
Unlocking pre-2020 ambition

In the Cancun Agreements in 2010, it was established that the increase in the global average temperature should remain below
2 °C. At that time, more than 90 Parties made conditional and unconditional pledges to reduce emissions by 2020. These pledges represent approximately 80 per cent of global total emissions but, while significant, will not be sufficient to meet the 2 °C goal.

The UNEP Emissions Gap Report (2013) found that there is a need for additional reductions between 8 and 12 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent by 2020. The report also found that there is much untapped potential to reduce emissions at a relatively low cost. Given rising emissions, it is urgent that ways are explored as to how this potential can be tapped. The findings of the recent reports by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change highlight the need for urgent action to close the gap by tapping into this potential.

Parties to the convention are very aware of this and have emphasized the need for a game-changing and increased effort that aligns with both climate and development goals and taps into the existing potential to reduce emissions. But the road to increased emission reductions through, for example technologies such as renewable energy, is often still littered with barriers and lacks adequate support. Addressing these barriers through effective scalable policies, practices and actions can take time but is urgently needed. In response to this, Parties have moved to the technical examination of opportunities. This technical process aims to examine effective emission reduction policies, barriers to their implementation and the scaling-up, incentives and feasible options for support.

The technical examination process consists of regular in-session thematic technical expert meetings and focused in-depth inter-sessional work to be conducted by Parties, international organizations and partnerships throughout the year.

At the March session of the ADP, policy options and opportunities to scale up renewable energy deployment and energy efficiency improvements were explored during two technical expert meetings. Specific follow up actions were identified as summarized in the technical summaries from the meetings and in the updated technical paper and its addendum on mitigation benefits of actions, initiatives and options to enhance mitigation ambition presented to the ADP in June.

During the June 2014 session of the ADP, the two technical examination meetings looked at the opportunities in Land Use and Urban Environments, and were complemented by a Forum on Cities and Sub-National Authorities. At the October session (ADP 2-6), technical expert meetings focused on opportunities for action on non-CO2 greenhouse gases and carbon capture, use and storage. Ultimately, a successful outcome of this process would be a policy menu and options for overcoming barriers and the lack of support so that more transformational action can be taken on the ground in the period before 2020.

In accordance with its mandates in relation to pre-2020 climate action, the ADP continued to consider how to progress its work further, including how the technical examination process could be further advanced.
In this context, a dedicated meeting on ways and means to advance the technical examination process in 2015 was held on 10 February, during the eighth part of the second session of the ADP (ADP 2-8).


Renewable energy supply
Energy efficiency in urban environments


Renewable energy Energy efficiency
Land use Urban environment
Non-CO2 greenhouse gases Carbon capture, use and storage

The updated technical paper compiles information on thematic areas with high mitigation potential examined at the technical expert meetings held in June and October 2014. It contains the main text and four thematic addenda, each providing information on policies, practices and technologies to unlock mitigation potential for raising pre-2020 ambition in land use, urban environments, carbon capture, use and storage and non-CO2 GHG emissions drawing on information provided in the submissions from Parties and observer organizations, at the technical expert meetings and in relevant literature. This technical paper builds on the first update of the technical paper contained in FCCC/TP/2014/3 and its addendum and further elaborates policy options for enhancing pre-2020 ambition.

ADP Virtual Expo

Interested Parties and organizations are invited to upload here relevant material for the technical expert meetings on non-CO2 greenhouse gases and carbon capture, use and storage, in addition to the existing cooperative initiatives already presented in the portal on the UNFCCC website. 
All uploaded material can be found at the ADP Virtual expo.                               

Visit the ADP virtual expo on renewable energy and energy efficiency (ADP 2-4) and on urban environment and land use (ADP 2-5).


Follow up work on the technical examination process to unlock mitigation opportunities for raising pre-2020 ambition

The technical examination process to unlock mitigation opportunities for raising pre-2020 ambition includes focused in-depth inter-sessional work to be conducted throughout the year by Parties, international organizations and partnerships with a view to enabling more Parties to take transformational action on the ground in delivering higher mitigation ambition. Contact details of lead organisations and partnerships, which are keen to assist Parties in undertaking ambitious action on the specific topics addressed are available on the technical expert meetings' respective webpages. 

The ADP Co-Chairs have highlighted follow up actions undertaken by the secretariat and international organizations in the pdf-icon message (444 kB)  to Parties and observer organisations. 

The Co-Chairs have requested the secretariat to facilitate an informal follow-up meeting to the technical expert meetings on energy efficiency, renewable energy, urban environment and land-use improvements in the pre-2020 period. This meeting, was held on 23 October and allowed Parties to take stock of actions undertaken since the technical expert meetings in March and June and to identify further opportunities for action in the areas considered thus far.

 pdf-icon Programme (350 kB)  (as of 22 Oct 2014)

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