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Technical Examination Process on Mitigation
The technical examination process on mitigation consists of regular in-session thematic technical expert meetings and focused follow up work to be conducted by Parties, international organizations and partnerships throughout the year. Parties to the Convention resolved to start this process in 2014 and to further accelerate it by 2020 in order to implement scalable best practice policies and bridge the ambition gap.

Decision 1/CP.21 called for strengthening of the existing technical examination of opportunities with high mitigation potential and associated adaptation, health and sustainable development co-benefits in the period 2016–2020 taking into account latest scientific knowledge. The decision requested the secretariat to organise the technical examination process on mitigation and disseminate its results, including by organising regular technical expert meetings on mitigation focusing on specific policies, practices and actions representing best practice and with the potential to be scalable and replicable.

Technical Expert Meetings in 2017 (more)

Meeting Dates Topics Summary and Outcomes
May 2017
(During SB46)

Cross-cutting issues in urban environment

These meetings aim to:

  • Facilitate discussion on how city level actions as well as actions on the land use sector link and contribute to Pre-2020 Climate Action, the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals;

  • Facilitate exchange of experience on implementing effective planning, policy frameworks and financing instruments to drive public and private investment, in support of low emissions development;

  • Facilitate collaboration and partnership among wide range of stakeholders, including private investors to scale up and replicate the best practices identified and examined during the TEM-M.

pdf-icon Agenda (511 kB)

Presentations and recordings, if available, can be found here.

Technical Expert Meetings Report can be found pdf-icon here (6071 kB) .

Land use
29 June 2017
Regional TEM
(During Africa Carbon Forum)

Cross cutting issues in Urban Environment- Exploring pathways to transform African Cities into low emission and sustainable cities

This regional TEM-M is a platform for stakeholders to demonstrate innovative and on the ground actions, and to discuss how emission reductions and sustainable development benefits can be realized through better planned and designed urbanization in Africa.

pdf-icon Agenda (1105 kB)


pdf-icon Report (2044 kB)

Date TBC
Regional TEM
(During Asia Pacific Carbon Forum)



Date TBC
Regional TEM
(During LAC Carbon Forum)



Technical Expert Meetings in 2016

Meeting Dates Topics Summary and Outcomes
May 2016
(During SB44)

Social and Economic Value of Carbon

Building on the technical examination process conducted in 2015, these meetings aim to:

  • Promote implementation of best practice mitigation policies and proven technologies that could lead to significant emission reductions and also have significant sustainable development co-benefits and could be scaled up and replicated by 2020 through increased international cooperation and coordination;

  • Mobilize support for mitigation policies and technologies, and provide opportunities enabling developing countries to effectively implement them on the ground;

  • Set the foundation for implementation of the INDCs in the post-2020 period by encouraging early action at international, national and subnational levels.

Technical Expert Meetings in 2015

Meeting Dates Topics Summary and Outcomes
June 2015
(During ADP 2.9)

Renewable energy supply

The meetings will assist Parties to advance in the implementation of good practice policy options and technologies, to involve UNFCCC institutions and leading international organisations, and engage with a broad range of stakeholders. The discussions will build on the technical examination process conducted in 2015.

Energy efficiency in urban environments

Technical Expert Meetings in 2014

Meeting Dates Topics Summary and Outcomes
October 2014
(During ADP 2.6)
Non-CO2 greenhouse gases The technical expert meetings focused on opportunities for action on non-CO2 greenhouse gases and carbon capture, use and storage. Based on the information exchanged during the June 2014 and the October 2014 technical expert meetings, the secretariat prepared an updated technical paper and its four addenda on land use, urban environments, carbon capture, use and storage and non-CO2 GHG emissions, which was presented to the ADP in December 2014.
Carbon capture, use and storage
June 2014
(During ADP 2.5)
Land Use The two technical expert meetings looked at the opportunities in Land Use and Urban Environments, and were complemented by a Forum on Cities and Sub-National Authorities.
Urban Environment
March 2014
(During ADP 2.4)

Renewable Energy

Policy options and opportunities to scale up renewable energy deployment and energy efficiency improvements were explored during two technical expert meetings. Based on the information exchanged during the technical expert meetings, the secretariat prepared an updated technical paper and its addendum on mitigation benefits of actions, initiatives and options to enhance mitigation ambition, which was presented to the ADP in June 2014.
Energy Efficiency

TEM follow up dialogues 2016

Follow up work on the technical examination process consists of focused in-depth, inter-sessional meetings conducted throughout the year by Parties, international organizations, partnerships and the secretariat with a view to enabling more Parties to take transformational action in delivering higher mitigation ambition. At these meetings, participants reflect on the progress made at the technical expert meetings and identify opportunities for further action moving forward.

Meeting Dates Topics Summary and Outcomes
May 2016
(During SB44)

Renewable energy

Building on the technical examination process conducted in 2015, these meetings aim to:

  • Provide a platform for the partner organizations and other relevant organizations/initiatives to: show how they have assisted Parties in implementing identified policy options and/or supported relevant partnerships and initiatives; and share their views on what have changed after the Paris agreement;

  • Provide a space for Parties to discuss how they envision the continued engagement of these organizations in the TEP process, with a view to maximize the added value of their on-going efforts.
Energy efficiency action in urban environments


Technical Papers

The technical papers summarize information on best practice mitigation policies, practices and technologies that are widely used around the world in the examined thematic areas. The papers reflect proposals from Parties and observers, discussions at the technical expert meetings, and the latest findings published by leading international organizations and partnerships that collaborate with the UNFCCC. Technical papers can be found here


Climate Action Fair

In conjunction with the technical expert meetings, the secretariat organizes a Climate Action Fair to showcase examples of (1) pre-2020 action related to the technical expert meeting topics and (2) actions by non-state actors to address climate change. The Climate Action Fair consists of various activities, including side events and exhibitions, which all aim to support the work and discussions taking place under the technical expert meetings, as well as increase the visibility of the climate action among cities, regions, companies, investors, and international cooperative initiatives. Please find pdf-icon here the brochure for the Climate Action Fair 2016.

Climate Action Now 
Summary for Policymakers 2016

pdf-icon SPM cover.PNG

Climate Action Fair
pdf-icon More information available here