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Pre-2020 Ambition
 
Pre-2020 Ambition

The ultimate objective of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is to prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system. To that end, greenhouse gas concentrations must be stabilized in the atmosphere. While developed countries need to take the lead, it is clear that the climate will benefit from actions around the world.

Interactive World Map Showing Pre-2020 Action by Countries

View interactive world map showing quantified economy-wide emission reduction targets for all developed countries and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions by developing countries. The map displays information contained in the corresponding official documents pertaining to both developed countries and developing countries.

Emission Reductions by Developed Countries

In 2009 and 2010, the climate change negotiations continued to address the urgent need to reduce emissions. In line with their leadership role, industrialized countries committed to implementing quantified economy-wide emissions targets for 2020.

It was agreed that industrialized countries will increase the regular reporting of progress towards these targets by continuing to submit detailed annual inventories of greenhouse gas emissions and by reporting on the progress towards achieving their emission reduction targets every two years. The guidelines for strengthened reporting and review have been developed and adopted. Both reporting and international assessment and review began in 2014.

At the same time Parties to the Kyoto Protocol engaged in negotiations on the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol (2013-2020). These negotiations resulted in adoption, in accordance with Articles 20 and 21 of the Kyoto Protocol, of an amendment to the Protocol by decision 1/CMP.8. This amendment is known as the Doha amendment and includes pdf-icon quantified emission limitation or reduction commitments under the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol by several developed countries assuming commitments for this period.

During the first commitment period (2008-2012), 37 industrialized countries and the European Community committed to reduce GHG emissions to an average of five percent against 1990 levels. During the second commitment period (2013-2020), Parties committed to reduce GHG emissions by at least 18 percent below 1990; however, the composition of Parties in the second commitment period is different from the first.

Nationally Appropriate Emission Reductions by Developing Countries

From 2009, the climate change negotiations opened up an unprecedented opportunity for all developing countries to join global efforts to contribute towards reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Developing countries agreed to craft Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) that are in line with their national development objectives. Through NAMAs, developing countries aim to reduce their emissions below business as usual by 2020.

NAMA Registry

The Conference of the Parties at its sixteenth session decided to set up a registry to record NAMAs. Countries that are willing to support NAMA initiatives can enter the details of that support in the registry, thereby enabling developing countries in need of support to be matched with relevant offers. More information is available on the NAMA Registry and the NAMA Registry Database.

Work plan on enhancing pre-2020 ambition

The COP, by decision 1/CP.17, launched a workplan on enhancing mitigation ambition to identify and explore options for a range of actions that can close the ambition gap, with a view to ensuring the highest possible mitigation efforts by all Parties. In order to accelerate activities under the workplan, the COP, by decision 1/CP.19, agreed to intensify the technical examination of opportunities for actions with high mitigation potential through Technical Expert Meetings that focus on the implementation of policies, practices and technologies with a view to promoting voluntary cooperation on concrete actions.

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NAMAs NAMA Registry Information
Interactive World Map Showing Pre-2020 Action by Countries
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