Societies can respond to climate change by reducing GHG emissions and enhancing sinks and
reservoirs. The capacity to do so depends on socio-economic and environmental circumstances
and the availability of information and technology. To this end, a wide variety of policies
and instruments are available to governments to create the incentives for mitigation action.
Mitigation is essential to meet the UNFCCC's objective of stabilizing GHG concentrations
in the atmosphere. Among others, the Convention:
- Requires all Parties, taking into account their responsibilities and capabilities, to
formulate and implement programmes containing measures to mitigate climate change
- Also requires all Parties to develop and periodically update national inventories of GHG
emissions and removals
- Commits all Parties to promote, and cooperate in, the development, application and
diffusion of climate friendly technologies
- Requires developed countries to adopt national policies and measures to limit GHG
emissions and protect and enhance sinks and reservoirs
- States that the extent to which developing countries will implement their commitments
will depend on financial resources and transfer of technology
The UNFCCC webpages on mitigation highlight the range of issues that are being addressed by
Parties under the various Convention bodies, including:
Action on mitigation: reducing emissions and enhancing sinks. A range of
policies and various economy-wide packages of policy instruments have been effective in
reducing GHG emissions in different sectors and many countries. According to the IPCC AR4,
there is substantial technical and economic potential for the mitigation of global GHG
emissions over the coming decades, that could offset the projected growth of global emissions
or reduce emissions below current levels. Changes in lifestyle and behaviour patterns and
management practices can contribute to climate change mitigation across all sectors.
Latest information on action to reduce emissions by developed countries is found under
this link. For developing countries
information can be found here.
Reporting on national implementation and MRV. Parties to the Convention have
agreed to submit to the Conference of the Parties (COP) national reports on implementation of
the Convention which include commitments and activities relating to mitigation. The required
contents and level of details of national reports and/or the timetable for their submission
are different for developed and -developing countries. This is in accordance
with the principle of "common but differentiated responsibilities" enshrined in the
Convention [read more].
Resources. A number of resources relevant to mitigation is available to
Parties and the general public. By navigating to this link you will find more information on data on greenhouse
gases reported by Parties to the UNFCCC; the REDD platform; training material; and the IPCC
guidelines for national greenhouse inventories.