COMMUNICATION OF INFORMATION RELATED TO IMPLEMENTATION
1. In accordance with Article 4, paragraph 1, each Party shall communicate to the Conference of the
Parties, through the secretariat, the following elements of information:
(a) A national inventory of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of all greenhouse
gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol, to the extent its capacities permit, using comparable
methodologies to be promoted and agreed upon by the Conference of the Parties;
(b) A general description of steps taken or envisaged by the Party to implement the Convention; and
(c) Any other information that the Party considers relevant to the achievement of the objective of the
Convention and suitable for inclusion in its communication, including, if feasible, material relevant for
calculations of global emission trends.
2. Each developed country Party and each other Party included in Annex I shall incorporate in its
communication the following elements of information:
(a) A detailed description of the policies and measures that it has adopted to implement its commitment
under Article 4, paragraphs 2(a) and 2(b); and
(b) A specific estimate of the effects that the policies and measures referred to in subparagraph (a)
immediately above will have on anthropogenic emissions by its sources and removals by its sinks of
greenhouse gases during the period referred to in Article 4, paragraph 2(a).
3. In addition, each developed country Party and each other developed Party included in Annex II shall
incorporate details of measures taken in accordance with Article 4, paragraphs 3, 4 and 5.
4. Developing country Parties may, on a voluntary basis, propose projects for financing, including specific
technologies, materials, equipment, techniques or practices that would be needed to implement such
projects, along with, if possible, an estimate of all incremental costs, of the reductions of emissions and
increments of removals of greenhouse gases, as well as an estimate of the consequent benefits.
5. Each developed country Party and each other Party included in Annex I shall make its initial
communication within six months of the entry into force of the Convention for that Party. Each Party not so
listed shall make its initial communication within three years of the entry into force of the Convention
for that Party, or of the availability of financial resources in accordance with Article 4, paragraph 3.
Parties that are least developed countries may make their initial communication at their discretion. The
frequency of subsequent communications by all Parties shall be determined by the Conference of the Parties,
taking into account the differentiated timetable set by this paragraph.
6. Information communicated by Parties under this Article shall be transmitted by the secretariat as soon
as possible to the Conference of the Parties and to any subsidiary bodies concerned. If necessary, the
procedures for the communication of information may be further considered by the Conference of the Parties.
7. From its first session, the Conference of the Parties shall arrange for the provision to developing
country Parties of technical and financial support, on request, in compiling and communicating information
under this Article, as well as in identifying the technical and financial needs associated with proposed
projects and response measures under Article 4. Such support may be provided by other Parties, by competent
international organizations and by the secretariat, as appropriate.
8. Any group of Parties may, subject to guidelines adopted by the Conference of the Parties, and to prior
notification to the Conference of the Parties, make a joint communication in fulfilment of their
obligations under this Article, provided that such a communication includes information on the fulfilment
by each of these Parties of its individual obligations under the Convention.
9. Information received by the secretariat that is designated by a Party as confidential, in accordance
with criteria to be established by the Conference of the Parties, shall be aggregated by the secretariat to
protect its confidentiality before being made available to any of the bodies involved in the communication
and review of information.
10. Subject to paragraph 9 above, and without prejudice to the ability of any Party to make public its
communication at any time, the secretariat shall make communications by Parties under this Article publicly
available at the time they are submitted to the Conference of the Parties.