27 July 1997
UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE
SUBSIDIARY BODY FOR SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL ADVICE
Bonn, 27 July - 7 August 1997
Item 8 of the provisional agenda
The Group of 77 and China submitted a position paper on activities
implemented jointly under the pilot phase based on their statements
made at the third session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and
Technological Advice (SBSTA).
In accordance with the procedures for miscellaneous documents,
this submission is attached and is reproduced in the language in
which it was received and without formal editing.
Paper No. Page
1. Group of 77 and China 3
THE GROUP OF 77 AND CHINA ON
ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY
1. Article 4.2 a) of the Convention allows developed country
Parties to implement policies and measures jointly with other Parties
and to assist other Parties in the achievement of the objective of
the Convention, in particular the objective of paragraph 4.2 a),
namely to take measure to mitigate climate change by limiting their
anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases.
2. As the G-77 and China has consistently stated, this clearly
means that the concept of Joint Implementation under the Convention
only applies to activities undertaken by Parties which are bound by
article 4.2 a), in other words Annex I Parties. It does not apply to
activities undertaken between Annex I and Non-Annex I
3. Through Decision 5/CP.1 the 1st Conference of the Parties
agreed to initiate a pilot phase of Activities Implemented Jointly,
which is an entirely different notion from that of Joint
Implementation. AIJ applies to all those Parties who wish to
undertake these activities on a voluntary basis. As we all know, the
main difference between AIJ and JI is that in the former there is no
crediting, during the pilot phase, for emission reductions with
respect to Annex I Parties' commitments. The G-77 and China wish to
underscore this fundamental principle and the fact that Decision
5/CP.1 and the conditions which it incorporates for carrying out AIJ
must be adhered to strictly.
4. The object of the pilot phase is to gain experience on
potential advantages and disadvantages of activities and projects
undertaken by Annex I Parties in cooperation with Non-Annex I
Parties, again with the specific proviso that no credits would accrue
to any Annex I Party for any emission reductions obtained, during
this pilot phase, through the activity or project in question. It was
agreed that the pilot phase would be reviewed in the year 1999. We
see no reason to modify this date as there is a need to allow
sufficient time for experiences to be collected in order to make a
final decision on this matter, especially in view of the fact that so
far there is a limited number of projects which are mainly
concentrated in certain sectors and regions.
5. The G-77 and China wishes to emphasize that AIJ, and its pilot
phase, is a mechanism for Parties - particularly developing country
Parties - to carry out, on a strictly voluntary basis, activities
which contribute to the abatement of global climate change. However,
we consider AIJ as supplemental and as a subsidiry means of achieving
the objectives of the Convention. While it could contribute to the
fulfillment of commitments of Annex II Parties under article 4.5, it
should never be made a conditionality for the transfer of technology.
Whether there are AIJ projects or not, developed country Parties have
the commitments of techology transfer to developing countries as
provided in the Convention.
6. We would like to express our concern at attempts being made to confuse the nature of AIJ in the pilot phase with JI and to link it - implicitly or explicitly - with existing obligations such as the transfer of technology, the provision of new and additional financial assistance, and particularly to issues relating to the protocol or other legal instrument to the Convention.