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Impact of the implementation of response measures

Parties shall take into full consideration, in the implementation of the commitments of the Convention, the specific needs and concerns of developing country Parties arising from the impact of the implementation of response measures. When addressing climate change concerns, the Kyoto Protocol commits Parties to strive to minimize adverse economic, social and environmental impacts on other Parties, especially developing country Parties, and in particular those identified in Articles 4.8 and 4.9 of the Convention, taking into account Article 3 of the Convention. Article 4.8 of the Convention and Articles 2.3 and 3.14 of the Kyoto Protocol provide a basis for addressing the impact of the implementation of response measures. Response measures are further being addressed in the context of the Bali Roadmap process, the Cancun Agreements and the Durban Outcome.

The Paris Agreement states, Parties shall take into consideration in the implementation of this Agreement the concern of Parties with economies most affected by the impacts of response measures, particularly developing country Parties. The Agreement further institutionalized the discussion on this issue.



The 2015 compilation on minimization of adverse impacts reported by the Annex I Parties in their National Inventory Reports, is published here.


Outlook to SB 44




Starting from SB44, the issue of response measures will be discussed in two tracks:

  1. The COP, in its decision 11/CP.21, decided to continue and improve the forum on the impact of the implementation of response measures;

    At SB44, Parties shall discuss the modalities, work programme and the terms of reference for the ad-hoc technical expert groups, with an aim to reach conclusion, in order to start the work of the forum as soon as possible.

  2. In the Paris Agreement, the COP decided that the Forum on the impact of the implementation of response measures, under the subsidiary bodies, shall continue, and shall serve the Agreement.

    At SB 44, Parties shall initiate the discussion on "the modalities, work programme and functions of the Forum on the Impact of the Implementation of response measures to address the effects of the implementation of response measures under the Agreement by enhancing cooperation amongst Parties on understanding the impacts of mitigation actions under the Agreement and he exchange of information, experiences, and best practices amongst Parties to raise their resilience to these impacts."