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Impact of the implementation of response measures under the Convention

 

The Convention and its Kyoto Portocol commit Parties to minimize adverse economic, social and environmental impacts on developing countries when responding to climate change.  In the Convention, response measures are referred to in Article 4.8

The pdf-icon Bali Action Plan also stresses the need to consider the economic and social consequences of response measures when addressing enhanced national/international action on climate change mitigation.

The impact of the implementation of response measures generally refers to negative side effects resulting from the implementation of climate change mitigation activites. In Article 4.8 of the convention, addressing the impact of the implementation of response measures is referred to in conjunction with responding to the adverse effects of climate change. The latter is referred to in the "implementing adaptation" section of the website.

The Chronology provides full details of negotiations on this issue.

 
Decisions and Progress on Article 4.8 of the Convention
 

Parties elaborated in pdf-icon Decision 1/CP.10 (2004), which built on pdf-icon Decision 5/CP.7 (168 kB) (2001), ways to address the impact of the implementation of response measures as referred to in Article 4.8 of the Convention and Articles 2.3 and 3.14 of the Kyoto Protocol.

Article 4.8 - Decisions 1/CP.10 and 5/CP.7

At COP 14, December 2008, Parties considered the submissions on the Status of implementation of Article 4, paragraph 8, of the Convention, decision 5/CP.7 and decision 1/CP.10 (FCCC/SBI/2008/MISC.9 and FCCC/SBI/2008/MISC.9/Add.1).  Submissions were received from 4 Parties and 4 relevant organizations.

These submissions fed into an assessment of work on the impacts of the implementation of response measures (and the adverse effects of climate change). Terms of reference for the assessment are in the SBSTA 28 Report, Annex III, FCCC/SBI/2008/8).  A round table in Poznan considered the outcome of the assessment, which provided Parties with a clearer picture of gaps and needs in order to feed into the decision making progress.

Also received was the Progress on the implementation of decision 1/CP.10. Submission from Antigua and Barbuda on behalf of the Group of 77 and China (FCCC/SBI/2008/MISC.10).

At SB 28, June 2008, Parties agreed to progress the implementation of decision 1/CP.10 and agreed on a set of specific activities up to COP 14 (December 2008) in Poznan, Poland to address the impact of the implementation of response measures, article 4.8, decisions 5/CP.7 and 1/CP.10 (SBSTA 28 Report, paras 32-39, FCCC/SBI/2008/8). These include inter alia:

  • Enhancing practical approaches to address economic diversification in the context of sustainable development, including through exchanging information and experiences on best practices and lessons learned; 
  • Enhancing capacity for the development and use of modelling in the context of assessing the impact of the implementation of response measures, including through identifying organizations with relevant expertise and the scope of current activities in this regard 
  • Encouraging Parties to provide, to the extent possible, information on their experiences and concerns arising from the impact of the implementation of response measures, including through national communications and other relevant documents; 
  • Promoting risk management approaches and other appropriate responses to the impact of the implementation of response measures, building upon the practical experience of internationalm regional and national organizations and the private sector, including through disseminating information on best practices and lessons learned.

During the SB 28 meeting consideration was taken of submissions by Parties on the status of implementation of Article 4.8 and decisions 5/CP.7 and 1/CP.10 (FCCC/SBI/2008/MISC.4).

Articles 2.3 and 3.14 of the Kyoto Protocol

At SB 30, June 2009, the joint contact group resumed its consideration of matters related to Article 2.3 and matters related to Article 3.14. Deliberations of Parties were captured in a draft text. Parties agreed to resume consideration of these items at the thirty first-sessions of the SBs, based on the draft text contained in the annex to the conclusions. See FCCC/SBSTA/2009/L.10 (agenda item 9) and FCCC/SBI/2009/L.11 (agenda item 11).

At SB 29, December 2008, the joint contact group, established at SB28, began its work to consider matters relating to Articles 2.3 and 3.14. There was an initial exchange of views on efforts being made under the SBI and SBSTA on these matters and on opportunities for further action. The SBI and the SBSTA agreed to continue these discussions at their thirtieth session.

At SB 28, June 2008, a breakthrough by Parties to negotiate Articles 2.3 and 3.14 of the Kyoto Protocol was reached  and Parties agreed to establish a joint contact group to consider matters relating to Articles 2.3 and 3.14. The group commenced its work at the twenty-ninth session of the Subsidiary Bodies. See FCCC/SBSTA/2008/6 (agenda item 11) and FCCC/SBI/2008/8 (agenda item 10). 

Further ongoing issues

As part of Decision 1/CP.10 (the Buenos Aires programme of work), expert meetings have discussed a range of issues regarding the impact of the implementation of response measures.

At CMP 1 in Montreal, Parties decided to establish a process for the implementation of Article 3.14 of the Kyoto Protocol. This process included the exchange of information and the development of methodologies on the assessment and minimization of adverse social, environmental and economic impacts on developing country Parties. A workshop in 2006 discussed reporting methodologies. Parties have yet to decide on guidelines to help determine if developed countries are striving to minimize adverse effects on international trade, and social, environmental and economic impacts on other Parties, especially developing countries.

 
New

Matters relating to Article 2, paragraph 3, of the Kyoto Protocol. Draft conclusions proposed by the Chair.
FCCC/SBSTA/2009/L.10

Matters relating to Article 3, paragraph 14, of the Kyoto Protocol. Draft conclusions proposed by the Chair.
FCCC/SBI/2009/L.11

 
Chronology of negotiations and calender

Chronology
of conferences, decisions, workshops, meetings and reports

Calendar
of workshops and meetings

 
Key Decisions

pdf-icon 31/ CMP.1
Matters relating to Article 3, paragraph 14, of the Kyoto Protocol.

pdf-icon Decision 1/CP.10
Buenos Aires programme of work on adaptation and response measures.

pdf-icon Decision 5/CP.7
Implementation of Article 4.8 and 4.9 of the Convention. 

pdf-icon Decision 9/CP.7
Matters relating to Article 3.14 of the Kyoto Protocol