At COP 21, the COP adopted a number of decisions with relevance for the GEF.
Guidance provided in decision
1/CP.21, Adoption of the Paris Agreement
The COP decided that the GCF and the GEF, the entities entrusted with the operation of the Financial
Mechanism of the Convention, as well as the Least Developed Countries Fund and the Special Climate Change
Fund, administered by the GEF, shall serve the Agreement. The COP also decided that the guidance to the
entities entrusted with the operations of the Financial Mechanism of the Convention in relevant decisions of
the COP, including those agreed before adoption of the Agreement, shall apply mutatis mutandis.
Article 9 of the Agreement also states that the institutions serving this Agreement, including the operating
entities of the Financial Mechanism of the Convention, shall aim to ensure efficient access to financial
resources through simplified approval procedures and enhanced readiness support for developing country
Parties, in particular for the least developed countries and small island developing States, in the context
of their national climate strategies and plans.
Decision 1/CP.21 also includes guidance on provision of support for the preparation and communication of the
intended nationally determined contributions of Parties that may need such support, support for the least
developed countries and other developing country Parties for the formulation of national adaptation plans,
coordination and delivery of resources to support country-driven strategies through simplified and efficient
application and approval procedures, and through continued readiness support to developing country Parties,
and participation of the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism of the Convention in technical expert
meetings (on mitigation).
The COP further recognized the importance of adequate and predictable financial resources, including for
result-based payments, as appropriate, for the implementation of policy approaches and positive incentives
for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, and the role of conservation, sustainable
management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks; as well as alternative policy approaches, such
as joint mitigation and adaptation approaches for the integral and sustainable management of forests; while
reaffirming the importance of non-carbon benefits associated with such approaches; encouraging the
coordination of support from, inter alia, public and private, bilateral and multilateral sources, such as
GCF, and alternative sources in accordance with relevant decisions by COP.
The COP also decided to establish a Capacity-building Initiative for Transparency in order to build
institutional and technical capacity, both pre- and post-2020, which will support developing country Parties,
upon request, in meeting enhanced transparency requirements as defined in Article 13 of the Agreement in a
timely manner. The COP urged and requested the GEF to make arrangements to support the establishment and
operation of the Capacity-building Initiative for Transparency as a priority reporting-related need,
including through voluntary contributions to support developing countries in the sixth replenishment of the
GEF and future replenishment cycles, to complement existing support under the GEF. The COP also requested
that the GEF, as an operating entity of the financial mechanism include in its annual report to the COP the
progress of work in the design, development and implementation of the Capacity-building Initiative for
Transparency starting in 2016.
Guidance provided in decision
8/CP.21: Report of the Global Environment Facility to the Conference of the Parties and guidance to the
Global Environment Facility
The COP invited the GEF to continue to provide finance for sustainable forest management and activities
referred to in decision 1/CP.16, paragraph 70, also taking into account decision 9/CP.19, paragraph 8, and
decision 16/CP.21 as appropriate.
Moreover, the COP encouraged the GEF to include the conclusions of the review of the Least Developed
Countries Fund in its report to COP 22. Furthermore, the COP requested the GEF to carry out a technical
review of the programme priorities of the Least Developed Countries Fund.
COP 21 also urged the GEF to work with all its agencies and recipient countries to ensure that these
countries can take full advantage of the expanded network of agencies.
The COP welcomed the exploration of innovative non-grant instruments by the GEF and encouraged the GEF to
work with its agencies, recipient countries and the private sector to submit proposals.
Furthermore, the COP encouraged the GEF to continue providing support to developing country Parties in
preparing their intended nationally determined contributions and requested the GEF to consider how to support
developing country Parties in formulating policies, strategies, programmes and projects to implement
activities that advance priorities identified in their respective intended nationally determined
contributions in a manner consistent with the operational policies and guidelines of the GEF, starting in
Additionally, COP 21 encouraged the GEF and the GCF to further articulate and build on the complementarity of
their policies and programmes within the Financial Mechanism of the Convention.
Additional guidance to the GCF was provided in the following decisions:
Decisions by the COP:
Linkages between the Technology Mechanism and the Financial Mechanism of the Convention;
Capacity-building under the Convention;
Decision 15/CP.21: Terms
of reference for the intermediate review of the Doha work programme on Article 6 of the Convention;
Alternative policy approaches, such as joint mitigation and adaptation approaches for the integral and
sustainable management of forests;
Extension of the mandate of the Least Developed Countries Expert Group.
Recommendations by the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI 43):
Agenda item 4(c)
Provision of financial and technical support
Agenda item 10(b)
Development and transfer of technologies and implementation of the Technology Mechanism Poznan strategic
programme on technology transfer.