As part of the Cancun Agreement, reached on December 11 in Cancun, Mexico, at the 16th Conference of the
Parties (COP 16), Parties decided to establish a Standing Committee on Finance (SCF) to assist the COP in
relation to the Financial Mechanism of the Convention. The SCF is to assist the COP in exercising its
functions with respect to the Financial Mechanism of the Convention in terms of improving coherence and
coordination in the delivery of climate change financing, rationalization of the Financial Mechanism,
mobilization of financial resources and measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) of support provided to
developing country Parties.
At COP 17, Parties further defined the roles and functions, as well as the composition and working
modalities, of the SCF. The SCFwill report and make recommendations to the COP, for its consideration, at
each ordinary session of the COP on all aspects of its work.
The SCF will assist the COP in exercising its functions with respect to the Financial Mechanism of the
Convention through activities, such as:
- Organizing a forum for communication and continued exchange of information among bodies and entities
dealing with climate change finance in order to promote linkages and coherence;
- Maintaining linkages with the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) and thematic bodies of the
- Providing to the COP draft guidance for the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism of the
Convention, with a view to improving the consistency and practicality of such guidance, taking into account
the annual reports of the operating entities as well as submissions from Parties;
- Making recommendations on how to improve the coherence, effectiveness and efficiency of the operating
entities of the Financial Mechanism;
- Providing expert input, including through independent reviews and assessments, into the preparation and
conduct of the periodic reviews of the Financial Mechanism by the COP;
- Preparing a biennial assessment, overview of climate finance flows, to include information on the
geographical and thematic balance of such flows, drawing on available sources of information, including
national communications and biennial reports of both developed and developing country Parties, information
provided in the registry, information provided by Parties on assessments of their needs, reports prepared
by the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism, and information available from other entities
providing climate change finance;
- Additionally, the SCF will perform any other functions that may be assigned to it by the COP.
The SCF will meet at least twice a year, or more if necessary. The COP will conduct a review of the functions
of the SCF in 2015.
At COP 18, Parties welcomed the operationalization of the SCF and the progress achieved by the SCF.
Furthermore, Parties endorsed the
work programme of the SCF
. COP 18 adopted the revised composition and
working modalities of the SCF
and decided that the Chair and Vice-Chair of the SCF shall serve as
Co-Chairs of the SCF.
At COP 19, the SCF was further invited at COP 19 to consider ways to increase its work on the MRV of support
beyond the biennial assessment and
overview of financial flows (BA)
. Furthermore, the SCF was requested,
in the context of the preparation of its BA, to consider ongoing
technical work on operational definitions of climate finance, including private finance mobilized by public
interventions, to assess how adaptation and mitigation needs can most effectively be met by climate
Additionally, the SCF was also requested to consider, in its work on coherence and
coordination, inter alia, the issue of financing for forests, taking into account different policy
At COP 20, Parties welcomed the transparency and openness with which the SCF conducts its work and endorsed
the workplan of the SCF for
. The SCF was also invited to further strengthen its engagement with all relevant stakeholders and
bodies of the Convention. With regards to the 2014 BA covering the period 2010–2012, the COP welcomed
the progress achieved by the SCF through its successful completion and noted with appreciation the
2014 BA Report
. The COP also invited the relevant bodies under the Convention to take note of the
summary and recommendations by the SCF on the 2014 BA
and requested relevant technical bodies to consider
the recommendations contained in the report of the 2014 BA as part of their ongoing deliberations related to
Furthermore, COP 20 requested the SCF, as part of its ongoing work on MRV of support, and with a view to
recommending improvements to the methodologies for reporting financial information, to consider the
findings and recommendations of the BA in its annual report to COP 21 for its consideration. Additionally,
COP 20 requested the SCF, in the context of its ongoing work, including the preparation of the BA, to
further explore how it can enhance its work on the MRV of support, based on best available information on
the mobilization of various resources, including private and alternative resources, through public
COP 20 also requested the SCF to include, in its report to COP 21, information on progress made in the
implementation of its 2015 workplan, taking into account paragraphs 4–7 of decision 11/CP.20 on
methodologies for the reporting of financial information by Parties included in Annex I to the Convention.
The COP also requested the SCF to present an update on its work on this matter to the Subsidiary Body for
Scientific and Technological Advice for its consideration at its forty-third session.
Additionally, COP 20 expressed that Parties look forward to the third forum of the SCF, taking place in
2015, which will focus on issues related to finance for forests and encouraged the SCF to continue to
engage with all relevant actors working on forests in the preparation of the forum, with a view to ensuring
broad participation. Furthermore, COP 20 invited the SCF to consider, in the context of its forum on issues
related to finance for forests, inter alia, decisions relevant to activities referred to in decision
1/CP.16, paragraph 70, including decisions 1/CP.16, 2/CP.17 and 12/CP.17 as well as decisions 9/CP.19 to
With regards to guidance to the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism, COP 20 endorsed the
recommendations on the provision of guidance provided in paragraph 10 of the report of the SCF to COP
20 and requested the SCF to provide advice on the issue of the frequency of guidance to the Financial
Mechanism and to report back to the COP 21. Additionally, the COP requested the SCF to consider issues
related to possible future institutional linkages and relations between the Adaptation Fund and other
institutions under the Convention.
The SCF was also requested to provide expert input to the sixth review of the Financial Mechanism in 2017
and was encouraged to build on the same methodology and criteria it used for the expert input to the
fifth review of
the Financial Mechanism.
Furthermore, the SCF was invited, along with other thematic bodies under the Convention, to consider the
long-term finance issues referred to in decision 3/CP.19, paragraph 12 when implementing its 2015-2016
workplans, as an input to the in-session workshops referred to in paragraph 12 of decision
COP 20 also approved the initial
two-year workplan of the Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage
associated with Climate Change Impacts, which includes an invitation to the SCF, in its next BA, to
include information on financial instruments that address the risks of loss and damage associated with the
adverse effects of climate change, and an invitation to dedicate its 2016 Forum to financial instruments
that address the risks of loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change.
In accordance with decision 2/CP.17, annex VI, paragraph 10, COP also decided to conduct the review of the
functions of the SCF no later than COP 23.
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