NEW! Third comprehensive review of the framework for capacity-building in developing
countries to be conducted during the forty-fourth session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation, in May
Following the adoption of the terms of reference of the third review of the implementation of the
capacity-building framework during COP 21, Parties will carry out the review at the forthcoming SBI session,
during the May 2016 Bonn Climate Change Conference, with a view to recommending a draft decision for adoption
by the Conference of Parties at its twenty-second session (November 2016).
The terms of reference for the third comprehensive review of the implementation of the framework for
capacity-building in developing countries are available in the annex of the draft decision FCCC/CP/2015/L.6.
The edited decision text will be available soon.
More information on previous comprehensive reviews of the implementation of the capacity-building framework in
developing countries, including their terms of reference, is available in the section 'Monitoring and
Capacity-building Frameworks: Background Information
In 2001, the Conference of the Parties adopted two frameworks that address the needs, conditions and priorities of
developing countries and of countries with economies in transition. The frameworks are enshrined in decisions
2/CP.7 and 3/CP.7.
The frameworks provide a set of guiding principles and approaches to capacity-building, for example that it should
be a country-driven process, involve learning by doing, and build on existing activities. They also contain a list
of priority areas for action on capacity-building, including the specific needs of least developed countries and
small island developing States. They reaffirm that capacity-building is essential to enable these countries to
implement the objective of the Convention.
The frameworks set out a way forward for capacity-building activities, such as developing and strengthening skills
and knowledge, as well as providing opportunities for stakeholders and organizations to share their experiences,
and increasing their awareness to enable them to participate more fully in the climate change process.
The frameworks also provide guidance on the support of financial and technical resources to be addressed by the
Global Environment Facility, bilateral and multilateral agencies, and other intergovernmental organizations and
institutions. The frameworks call for developing countries and countries with economies in transition to provide
information on their specific needs and priorities through national communication and submissions, while promoting
cooperation and stakeholder participation.
In 2005, the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP) decided
that the capacity-building frameworks were also applicable to the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. The CMP
endorsed these frameworks to guide capacity-building activities under the Kyoto Protocol in developing countries
and countries with economies in transition.
Capacity-building Frameworks: Monitoring and Review
The Subsidiary Body for Implementation regularly monitors and reviews
progress on the implementation of the capacity-building frameworks.
The reviews involve a variety of actors. Parties report on progress they have made on capacity-building activities
in their national communications submitted to the UNFCCC secretariat. The Global Environment Facility (GEF) and
United Nations agencies also submit information to the secretariat on capacity-building. The secretariat compiles
and synthesizes all of this information into reports that help serve the reviews, which take place during UN
climate change conferences.
Below is a summary of the reviews conducted so far.
Reviews of the implementation of the capacity-building framework in developing countries
First comprehensive review
The first comprehensive review took place during the Buenos Aires Climate Change Conference in 2004 (COP 10). Its
terms of reference were contained in annex III to the report of the Subsidiary
Body for Implementation at its eighteenth session.
Parties identified key
factors to improve the implementation of capacity-building activities, including: prioritizing
institutional capacity-building; ensuring the availability of financial and technical resources; improving
the coordination of donor support; and harmonizing support for national priorities, plans and strategies.
Second comprehensive review
The second comprehensive review got underway at the Bonn Climate Change Conference in 2008. The draft terms of reference
were contained in document FCCC/SBI/2008/2. The
review was completed at the Durban Climate Change
Conference in 2011. Parties recognized (in decisions 13/CP.17 and 15/CMP.7) that
progress was made in the implementation of this framework, but gaps still remained.
The review process identified capacity-building challenges related to the implementation of the Kyoto
Protocol, such as: the geographical distribution of clean development mechanism project activities; the
lack of technical expertise to estimate changes in carbon stock in soils; and the need to train and retain
experts to plan and implement project activities.
Parties noted that the implementation of the framework for capacity-building under the Convention should be
further improved at the systemic, institutional and individual levels. They said climate change issues and
capacity-building need to be integrated into national development strategies, plans and budgets, and that
networking and information sharing need to be strengthened. They also stressed the importance of gender and
acknowledged the role and needs of youth and persons with disabilities in capacity-building activities.
Third comprehensive review
A third comprehensive review of the implementation of the framework for capacity-building in developing
countries was initiated at SBI 42, during the Bonn Climate Change Conference in June 2015. Parties
initiated the discussions on the terms of reference for the review at SBI 42, which were postponed to the
following SBI session, as they could not reach any agreement. The terms of reference were adopted
during COP 21; they will be the basis of the review of the implementation of the capacity-building
framework, which will be conducted at SBI 44, in May 2016.
Reviews of the implementation of the capacity-building framework in countries with economies in
The first review of the implementation of the framework for countries with economies in transition (EITs)
took place during the Buenos Aires Climate
Change Conference in 2004. Parties recognized the positive results, the useful experiences and the
lessons learned from developing and implementing capacity-building activities, such as the national
capacity self-assessments funded by the GEF. Parties also identified challenges in implementing
capacity-building activities, including insufficient financial and human resources, the lack of active
stakeholder participation, the need for increasing support from key decision makers, and the inability to
integrate climate change into national policies.
Decision 3/CP.10 also
identifies key factors that could assist in the implementation of the framework, such as enhancing enabling
environments to promote the sustainability and effectiveness of capacity-building activities, training,
education and public awareness relating to climate change; the cooperation and coordination relating to
capacity-building among EITs, and the participation in, and access to, capacity-building activities by all
stakeholders, including governments, civil society and the private sector.
The second review took place during the Bonn Climate
Change Conference in 2007. The SBI noted that enhancing
the capacity of climate change negotiators and key country-level actors (for example, decision-makers and
government officials, the scientific community, the media and educators) could further strengthen the
ability of EITs to deal with climate change issues. The SBI also noted that these countries still need
support, and encouraged the GEF, Parties, multilateral and bilateral agencies and other international
organizations to continue to provide support and to improve the availability of information on technical
and financial support for capacity-building.
The third review began at the Bonn Climate Change
Conference in 2012. The draft decisions, agreed
unanimously during the discussions, were recommended by the SBI for adoption by the COP and the CMP in
Doha, Qatar. At the Doha Climate Change Conference, which took
place from 26 November to 8 December 2012, the COP and the CMP adopted the decisions on the third review.
The decisions recognize that significant progress has been made by EITs to build their capacity to mitigate
and adapt to climate change. They also acknowledge the need for further capacity-building by some EITs for
the development and implementation of national low-carbon development strategies and for meeting their
commitments under the Kyoto Protocol.
Here is the text
adopted by the COP, and here
is the text adopted by the CMP.
A fourth review of the implementation of the framework for capacity-building in countries with economies in
transition will be initiated at the Bonn Climate Change Conference in 2017, with a view to completing it by
the end of 2017 at COP 23/CMP 13.