Reviews of the implementation of the capacity-building framework in developing countries
First comprehensive review
The first comprehensive review took place during the Buenos Aires Climate Change Conference in
2004 (COP 10). Its terms of reference were contained in annex III to the report
of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation at its eighteenth session.
key factors to improve the implementation of capacity-building activities, including:
prioritizing institutional capacity-building; ensuring the availability of financial and technical
resources; improving the coordination of donor support; and harmonizing support for national
priorities, plans and strategies.
Second comprehensive review
The second comprehensive review got underway at the Bonn Climate Change Conference in 2008. The draft
terms of reference were contained in document FCCC/SBI/2008/2.
The review was completed at the Durban Climate Change Conference in 2011. Parties
recognized (in decisions 13/CP.17 and 15/CMP.7) that progress was made in the implementation of this framework, but gaps
The review process identified capacity-building challenges related to the implementation of the
Kyoto Protocol, such as: the geographical distribution of clean development mechanism project
activities; the lack of technical expertise to estimate changes in carbon stock in soils; and the
need to train and retain experts to plan and implement project activities.
Parties noted that the implementation of the framework for capacity-building under the Convention
should be further improved at the systemic, institutional and individual levels. They said climate
change issues and capacity-building need to be integrated into national development strategies,
plans and budgets, and that networking and information sharing need to be strengthened. They also
stressed the importance of gender and acknowledged the role and needs of youth and persons with
disabilities in capacity-building activities.
Third comprehensive review
A third comprehensive review of the implementation of the framework for capacity-building in
developing countries was initiated at SBI 42, during the Bonn Climate Change Conference in June
2015. Parties initiated the discussions on the terms of reference for the review at SBI 42, which
were postponed to the following SBI session, as they could not reach any agreement. The terms
of reference were adopted during COP 21; they will be the basis of the review of the implementation
of the capacity-building framework, which will be conducted at SBI 44, in May 2016.
Reviews of the implementation of the capacity-building framework in countries with economies in
The first review of the implementation of the framework for countries with economies in transition
(EITs) took place during the Buenos Aires Climate Change Conference in
2004. Parties recognized the positive results, the useful experiences and the lessons learned from
developing and implementing capacity-building activities, such as the national capacity
self-assessments funded by the GEF. Parties also identified challenges in implementing
capacity-building activities, including insufficient financial and human resources, the lack of
active stakeholder participation, the need for increasing support from key decision makers, and the
inability to integrate climate change into national policies.
3/CP.10 also identifies key factors that could assist in the implementation of the framework,
such as enhancing enabling environments to promote the sustainability and effectiveness of
capacity-building activities, training, education and public awareness relating to climate change;
the cooperation and coordination relating to capacity-building among EITs, and the participation
in, and access to, capacity-building activities by all stakeholders, including governments, civil
society and the private sector.
The second review took place during the Bonn Climate Change Conference in 2007. The SBI
enhancing the capacity of climate change negotiators and key country-level actors (for example,
decision-makers and government officials, the scientific community, the media and educators) could
further strengthen the ability of EITs to deal with climate change issues. The SBI also noted that
these countries still need support, and encouraged the GEF, Parties, multilateral and bilateral
agencies and other international organizations to continue to provide support and to improve the
availability of information on technical and financial support for capacity-building.
The third review began at the Bonn
Climate Change Conference in 2012. The draft
decisions, agreed unanimously during the discussions, were recommended by the SBI for adoption
by the COP and the CMP in Doha, Qatar. At the Doha
Climate Change Conference, which took place from 26 November to 8 December 2012, the COP and
the CMP adopted the decisions on the third review. The decisions recognize that significant
progress has been made by EITs to build their capacity to mitigate and adapt to climate change.
They also acknowledge the need for further capacity-building by some EITs for the development and
implementation of national low-carbon development strategies and for meeting their commitments
under the Kyoto Protocol.
Here is the text adopted by the COP, and here is the
text adopted by the CMP.
A fourth review of the implementation of the framework for capacity-building in countries with
economies in transition will be initiated at the Bonn Climate Change Conference in 2017, with a
view to completing it by the end of 2017 at COP 23/CMP 13.