In implementing Article 4.9 of the Convention, the COP, in 2001, established an LDC work programme,
that included NAPAs, to support LDCs to address the challenge of climate change given their
particular vulnerability. The COP also established a Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) to fund
the preparation and implementation of NAPAs and an LDC Expert Group to provide technical support
and advice to the least developed countries (LDCs).
NAPAs provide a process for the LDCs to identify priority activities that respond to their urgent and
immediate needs with regard to adaptation to climate change - those needs for which further delay
could increase vulnerability or lead to increased costs at a later stage. The rationale for NAPAs
rests on the limited ability of the LDCs to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change. In the
NAPA process, prominence is given to community-level input as an important source of information,
recognizing that grassroots communities are the main stakeholders. NAPAs use existing information and
no new research is needed. They are action-oriented, country-driven, are flexible and based on
national circumstances. In order to effectively address urgent and immediate adaptation needs, NAPA
documents are presented in a simple format, easily understood both by policy-level decision-makers
and the public.
As at November 2013, 50 countries* had completed and submitted their NAPAs to the
secretariat. The main content of the NAPA document is a list of ranked priority adaptation
activities/projects, as well as short profiles of each activity, designed to facilitate the
development of project proposals for implementation of the NAPA. Priority sectors/areas addressed in
the NAPAs are agriculture and food security, water resources, coastal zones, and early warning and
disaster management. Most LDCs are in the process of implementing their NAPAs.
Once a NAPA has been submitted to the UNFCCC secretariat, the LDC Party is eligible to access funding
under the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF), which is managed by the Global Environment Facility
(GEF), for the implementation of the NAPA. To initiate the process of accessing funding, an LDC
Party prepares a concept note and requests the assistance of a GEF implementing agency
(currently there are 10 of them) for submitting a project identification form and then a full project
proposal to the LDCF. The GEF agency works closely with the country during each successive step of
the LDCF cycle, and ultimately supports the country in implementing the project.
* Two of tthem, the Maldives and Cape Verde have since graduated from the group
questions about the LDCs, the LEG and the NAPAs
List of LDCs under the