SBI 43 / COP 21, November/December 2015, Paris
SBI 43 considered progress made by the LEG in implementing its work programme for 2015.
Documents for the session:
- Report on the 28th meeting of the Least Developed Countries Expert Group. Note by the secretariat
- Information paper on the NAP Expo and the regional training workshops on national adaptation
plans: experiences, good practices and lessons learned in addressing adaptation in the least
developed countries. Note by the secretariat (FCCC/SBI/2015/INF.14)
The LEG side event
at SBI 43 entitled “Work of the LEG in supporting LDCs on NAPs and NAPAs” took place
on Tuesday 1 December from 18:30 to 20:00 in Observer room 4.
Outcomes: Conclusions adopted by the SBI can be found in document FCCC/SBI/2015/22.
In Paris, the COP (
decision 19/CP.21) renewed and extended the mandate of the LEG.
SBI 42, June 2015,
SBI 42 considered progress made by the LEG in implementing its work
programme for 2014-2015 and considered the LEG work programme for 2015 contained in the report on the
27th meeting of the LEG (see document FCCC/SBI/2015/7,
Documents for the session:
- Synthesis report on the progress, need for continuation and terms of reference of the LEG. Note
by the secretariat (FCCC/SBI/2015/6)
- Views on the work of the LEG. Submissions by Parties (FCCC/SBI/2015/MISC.2)
- Report on the stocktaking meeting on the work of the LEG. Note by the
side event at SBI 42 took place on Tuesday 2 June from 18:30-20:00, in Berlin Room
Outcomes: Conclusions adopted by the SBI at this session can be found in document FCCC/SBI/2015/10,
Draft decision on the extension of the mandate of the LEG, for consideration and adoption at COP 21
can be found in document FCCC/SBI/2015/10/Add.1,
At SBI 40, the SBI considered the LEG work programme for 2014-2015, which included, inter
alia, the provision of technical support for an effective implementation of NAPAs. The
work programme is contained in the report on the LEG
The LEG presented its work on NAPAs and NAPs at a side event, Thursday 5 June 2014, Room Solar
(Ministry of Environment). The programme is available here (94 kB) .
At SBI 39/COP 19 in Warsaw, the SBI welcomed the completion of the regional training
workshops on adaptation for LDCs for 2012-2013. The SBI also welcomed the LEG work programme for
2013-2014 (FCCC/SBI/2013/8, Annex
The COP (decision 10/CP.18) welcomed the increased allocation and disbursement of funds to LDCs
and requested the GEF to :
- Continue mobilizing resources to ensure the full implementation of the LDC work programme,
including the implementation of the elements of the work programme other than NAPAs, through, inter
alia, capacity-building to improve coordination at different levels of government and across sectors
in order to improve project performance in the LDCs, with regard to the implementation of the
- Further facilitate access to the LDCF by the LDCs;
- Further enhance a country-driven process for the implementation of NAPA projects and the
implementation of programmatic approaches;
- Continue raising awareness of the need for adequate and predictable resources under the LDCF to
allow for the full implementation of the LDC work programme, in particular NAPAs;
- And to enhance communication with its implementing agencies on the updated operational guidelines
for the LDCF.
As of June 2013, 50 countried have received funding for the preparation of their NAPAs,
including Cape Verde which graduated in December 2007 and Maldives in January 2011. 49 of them have
already submitted their NAPA to
the UNFCC secretariat. Out of these 49 countries, as of March 2013, 45 had officially submitted
one or more NAPA projects to the GEF.
The COP requested the GEF (decision
9/CP.17) to provide information to the LDCs to further clarify baselines and the application for
accessing funding from the LDCF in order to develop and implement projects under NAPAs to address the
effects of climate change. It also asked the GEF to support the development of a programmatic
approach for the implementation of NAPAs, for the LDCs that wish to do so. In the same decision,
the GEF is requested to further explore opportunities to streamline the LDCF project cycle and
improve the provision of information to LDCs on the project development process for projects being
considered under the LDCF.
In Cancun, the COP (decision
6/CP.16), renewed and extended the mandate of the LEG and requested
the expert group to provide, inter alia, technical advice and guidance for the revision and update of
NAPAs to further improve their quality, to facilitate the integration of adaptation actions of LDCs
into development planning and to reflect increased adaptation knowledge and changed priorities in the
countries, upon request by LDC Parties. By the same decision, the COP also requested the LEG to
provide technical advice and guidance to LDCs for the strengthening of gender-related considerations
and considerations regarding vulnerable communities within LDC Parties.
The Cancun Adaptation Framework (decision
1/CP.16), one of the outcomes of the AWG-LCA, established a process to enable LDC Parties,
building upon their experience with the NAPAs, to formulate and implement national adaptation plans
(NAPs) and sent an invitation to other developing countries to employ the modalities formulated to
support those plans.
In parallel, the COP reiterated its request to the GEF (decision 5/CP.16)
to work with its agencies to improve communication with LDC Parties and to speed up the process by,
for instance, establishing a time frame within which LDC Parties can access funding and other support
for the preparation and implementation of projects identified in their NAPAs. By the same
decision, the COP also requested the GEF to provide funding from the LDCF to LDC Parties, upon
request to enable the update on their NAPAs with a view to improving their quality, in order to
facilitate the integration of LDC adaptation actions into development planning and to reflect
increased adaptation knowledge and changed priorities in the countries.
By its decision 3/CP.11, the COP requested the GEF to make provision for the operationalization of
the LDCF to support the implementation of NAPAs. In response to the COP mandate, in May 2006, the GEF
released the Programming Paper for Funding the
Implementation of NAPAs under the LDC Trust Fund.
In November 2004, the first NAPA was submitted to the UNFCCC secretariat.
The COP (decision 6/CP.9),
requested the GEF to support the implementation of NAPAs as soon as possible after their completion.
In addition, it requested the GEF to take into account the elements its suggested when developing
operational guidelines for funding for the implementation of NAPAs.
The COP (decision 8/CP.8) requested the GEF, including its implementing agencies, to ensure the
speedy release and disbursement of funds and timely assistance for the preparation of NAPAs. The same
year, the GEF released its Operational Guidelines for
Expedited Funding for the Preparation of NAPAs by Least Developed Countries.
At its seventh session, in Marrakech, the COP adopted the LDC work programme (decision 5/CP.7).
This programme is the most substantial support that had, as yet, been given to the LDCs in
relation to climate change over the decade 2001-2010. Under this programme, the COP established the
LDCF (decision 7/CP.7),
as well as the LEG (decision 29/CP.7).
The LEG was initially mandated to provide technical support and advice to LDCs for the
preparation and implementation of NAPAs. The same year, the COP also adopted guidelines for the
preparation of NAPAs (decision 28/CP.7,
At its sixth session, the COP adopted a resolution as
input to the Third United Nations Conference on LDCs. This Conference adopted the Brussels Programme of
Action for LDCs for the decade 2001-2010.
The UNFCCC, entered into force on 21 March 1994 and recognized LDCs in Article 4, paragraph 9 of the Convention which states that
‘the Parties shall take full account of the specific needs and special situations of the least
developed countries in their actions with regard to funding and transfer of technology’.