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Best practice and lesson 3: Engaging stakeholders from the NAPA preparation stage in the implementation and other subsequent steps has many advantages

 
In all LDCs, the preparation of NAPAs involved the active engagement of a wide range of stakeholders at the national and subnational levels, including local communities.
It was noted that establishment of an implementation framework for adaptation activities involving a wide range of stakeholders, including donors, during the NAPA preparation process often facilitated efficient channelling of financial resources and technical expertise for adaptation actions to the local level.
In addition, active involvement of government officers in the NAPA process resulted in greater country ownership as the influence of the GEF implementing agencies on the design of NAPA projects decreased.
The majority of LDC Parties that have started to implement their NAPA sought the effective coordination of all adaptation-related activities with the support of bilateral and/or multilateral partners. The degree of success encountered depended on national circumstances, including the quality of the relationship with the international partners. A number of LDCs were successful in involving potential donors in the final stages of NAPA preparation, in an effort to identify sources of funding other than the LDCF. 
 
Best practice: Involving potential donors during the last stages of NAPA preparation when an implementation strategy is designed is a very good practice, as it improves the alignment of implementation to ongoing national projects and programmes from different sources of funding,  greatly enhancing the process of identifying co-financing. Bilateral programmes were also able to support some of the NAPA activities in addition to funding from the LDCF. In some countries, donor round tables have been conducted to raise awareness of the priorities identified in the NAPAs. This is a good way to attract additional funding.
The involvement of multiple stakeholders and disciplines ensures that the outcome of the NAPA is fully owned by those that prepared it, and endorsing the NAPA at appropriate levels of government further ensures that the NAPA is fully owned by the national government. 

Lessons learned: Given the limited funds available in the LDCF, the active exploration of additional funding from other sources contributes to the full implementation of NAPAs.
In general, LDCs with the lowest adaptive capacity and weak institutional arrangements tend to have limited success in accessing funds from the LDCF. 

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