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Best practice and lesson 2: The NAPA approach allows countries flexibility in design and implementation

 

 

The NAPA approach is characterized by steps in the preparation of the NAPA, from forming teams, to the synthesis of available knowledge, the participatory rapid assessment of vulnerabilities and risks, and the ranking of vulnerabilities and project activities, guided by locally defined criteria. A feedback loop allows for the periodic review of risks and the prioritization of activities. The whole process builds on available knowledge, without the need for additional research, and allows for flexible choices with regard to the region and number of sectors that are considered. The NAPA approach can be applied to a specific geographical region of a country, from a local community to the entire country or multi-country region, and equally well to one or a few sectors, or all sectors of government.
Additionally, since a synthesis of submitted NAPAs has shown that most climate change effects relate to the same occurrences (floods, droughts, tropical storms, shifting growing seasons and related impacts), many countries have manifested an interest in scaling up or replicating similar projects. This implies  covering a greater number of target communities and regions without having to develop new projects for submission and concrete adaptation actions that have already been tested could then be implemented without delay.
 
Best practice: The use of locally defined criteria further increases the flexibility of the approach, in order to suit local development priorities. Participation by multiple stakeholders from different ministries, sectors and disciplines ensures diversity and representation in the resulting list of priority activities in the NAPA. Countries are able to implement any of their listed priorities or can combine several activities into a project or programme. 

Lessons learned: During the preparation phase, some countries opted to focus on a subregion of a large country, based on their perception of highly vulnerable regions in their country. Others chose to work in a few sectors deemed most vulnerable to climate change. This flexibility helped countries identify the most urgent adaptation needs, given the limited resources available for the preparation phase. Flexibility in the choice of which priority activities in the NAPA to implement first helps countries to best match project activities with a chosen GEF agency.

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