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Call for Action 08 - Adaptation planning and practices
Related work by Parties and NWP partner organizations
Enhancing regional cooperation and networks
- Ibero-American Network of Climate Change Bureaus (RIOCC) established the PIACC (Ibero-American
Programme on Adaptation to Climate Change), which aims to increase synergies among key stakeholders in
climate change adaptation, including those associated with managing the risk from natural disasters and
extreme climatic events. (
- InterGovernmental Authority on Development’s Climate Prediction and Applications Centre
(ICPAC) is a regional centre of excellence that serves seven member
countries: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda as well as Burundi, Rwanda and
Tanzania. It specialises in climate prediction and applications for climate risk management,
environmental management, and sustainable development. It has developed a strategy for various
socio-economic sectors for the Greater Horn of Africa region, contributing to the enhancement of climate
monitoring, as well as providing timely climate information and services for early warning.
- Global Change SysTem for Analysis Research and Training (START)
collaborated with the East-West Center, Ibaraki University and
other partners in hosting a workshop (February 26-28, 2009), “Cities at Risk: Developing Adaptive
Capacity for Climate Change in Asia’s Coastal Megacities”. The workshop initiated a
constructive and interactive dialogue between different stakeholders, who contributed to the increase in
awareness among urban planning and academic communities of the emerging risks, vulnerabilities and
challenges faced by coastal megacities as a result of climate change impacts. The workshop participants
also drafted a set of recommendations that are intended to set priorities for the development of future
Cities at Risk programming and initiatives. http://start.org/news/cities-at-risk-final-activity-report-apn.html
- United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) through its Committee on Disaster Risk Reductions addresses policy
options and strategies on multi-hazard disaster risk reduction and mitigation. It aims to enhance
regional cooperation mechanisms for disaster risk management, including space and other technical support
systems, multi-hazard assessment, preparedness and early warning, and response to disaster risks.
- Water Center for the Humid Tropics of Latin America and the Caribbean (CATHALAC), promotes sustainable development through applied
research and development, education and technology transfer on water resources and the environment in Latin
America and the Caribbean. (http://www.servir.net/en/)
Improving availability, accessibility and applicability of information, methods and tools
Café direct, in cooperation with the GTZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit GmbH),
implemented a project "AdapCC" which evaluates probable damages and losses as a consequence of
the impacts of climate-related catastrophes on vulnerable small-scale coffee producers. The
methodology also aims to analyse possible benefits and disadvantages of adaptation measures. http://www.adapcc.org/en/roa.htm
Institute for Social and Environmental Transition (ISET) has implemented a project “Emerging Hazards in the Hindu
Kush-Himalaya”, which provides technical backstopping to the International Center for Integrated
Mountain Development (ICIMOD) on various glacial projects
through its Integrated Water and Hazard Management Programme. http://i-s-e-t.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=39&Itemid=47.
With Center for International Climate and Environmental Research - Oslo (CICERO), ISET is
also working on inventory and compilation of past and current climate and hydrological modelling
initiatives in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan region in order to create a list of hydrological initiatives.
- The International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI), a centre of excellence in developing and
communicating forecasts, monitoring, historical analyses and other climate-information products, promotes
the generation and uptake of climate information that leads to improve the management of climate risks.
Kyoto University’s Graduate School
of Global Environmental Studies through the International Environment and Disaster Management
Laboratory (IEDM), have conducted a study to
measure the climate disaster resilience of 16 cities in Asia and produced the Climate Disaster Resilience
Index ( CDRI).
This study was carried out in partnership with organizations including, Citynet, Regional
Network of Local Authorities for the Management of Human Settlements, and the UNISDR. The CDRI categorizes climate disaster resilience based on natural,
physical, social, economic and institutional characteristics of cities. It also contributes to raise the
awareness of city managers and practitioners, and can be used as a training tool for city
- The Munich Climate Insurance Initiative (MCII) provides a forum for insurance-related
expertise in the context of climate-related risk management. The initiative promotes financial risk
management approach and loss reduction measures under the UNFCCC, as well as for international financial
institutions, international donors and the private sector. It was initiated by Munich Re on April 2005 in response to the growing
realization that insurance solutions can play a role in adaptation to climate change, as suggested in the
UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol. http://www.climate-insurance.org/front_content.php?idcat=143
- Office of Agricultural Risk of Argentina (ORA) provides climate
information, such as GIS (geographic information systems)-linked risk mapping in the Pampas and the
Northwest Region. http://www.ora.gov.ar/RiesgoClimaticoFlash.htm
- The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) facilitates the free and
unrestricted exchange of data and information, products and services in real- or near-real time on matters
relating to safety and security of society, economic welfare and the protection of the environment.
It contributes to policy formulation in these areas at national and international levels.
Specifically, in the areas of weather-, climate and water-related hazards, which accounts for nearly 90% of
all natural disasters, WMO's programmes provide vital information for advanced warnings that save lives
and reduce damage to property and the environment.
Developing and implementing adaptive policies and programmes
- Asian Development Bank (ADB) is responding to unique climate threats
in Asia and the Pacific, through its Climate Change Fund. The ADB prioritizes interventions that enhance
the climate resilience of infrastructure and other investments, community livelihoods and key sectors.
- The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) ’s Strategic Framework for
2000-2015, “Preparedness for, and effective and sustainable response to food and agriculture
emergencies”, provides an overall framework for FAO programmes related to climate risks and extreme
events.. This strategy aims to increase the resilience and capacity of countries and their populations to
cope with the impacts of disasters that affect national and household food security, and when disasters do
occur, to contribute to emergency operations that foster the transition from relief to recovery of the food
and agricultural sectors.
- International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) seeks to
build disaster resilient communities by promoting awareness of the importance of disaster risk reduction
(DRR) as an integral part of sustainable development. It also promotes synergies and partnerships
among the stakeholders, state entities and non-government institutions, including through the
implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and
Communities to Disasters (HFA). The HFA aims for the substantial reduction in disaster losses, in lives as
well as in the social, economic and environmental assets of communities and countries - and lays out a
detailed set of priorities to achieve this by 2015. http://www.unisdr.org/eng/hfa/hfa.htm
and AFPCN in close collaboration with UNICEF, DKKV, COGSS, InWent, GTZ, UNU and others, held a workshop in Bonn, Germany, from March 31 to April 2,
2009 on "Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) and disaster risk reduction: building
disaster-resilient societies". The workshop re-examined the notion of education for disaster
reduction and its contributing role in successfully confronting disaster risk as a key sustainable
development challenge. http://portal.unesco.org/science/en/ev.php-URL_ID=7526&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html.