As part of the Cancun Adaptation Framework, Parties initiated consideration on approaches to address loss and
damage associated with climate change impacts in developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the
adverse effects of climate change. Following two years of deliberations on this issue, COP19 (November
2013) established the Warsaw international mechanism for loss and damage associated with climate change
impacts, as the main vehicle under the Convention to promote the implementation of approaches to address loss
and damage in a comprehensive, integrated and coherent manner.