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Database on ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation
 

Aerial shot of coastal mangrove forest in Madagascar (©Xavier Vincke) A view of the middle mountain landscape of Western Development Region of Nepal (©Udayan Mishra, ICIMOD)


There is a growing recognition of the role that healthy ecosystems can play in increasing resilience and helping people adapt to climate change through the ongoing delivery of a range of ecosystem services. The examples below capture some of the ways in which various types of ecosystem based measures have contributed to several sectors, including livelihood sustenance and food security, sustainable water management, disaster risk reduction and biodiversity conservation.


This database on ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation intends to provide supplemental information to FCCC/SBSTA/2011/INF.8, that was mandated by the SBSTA at its thirty-fourth session in the context of the Nairobi work programme.

To ensure that new, relevant and useful examples are included in this knowledge product, and the current entries up to date, please send your suggestions for new entries and updates to nwp@unfccc.int.

 

 

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Examples of Ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation
Name Region Country Ecosystem Nature of Approach Name of implementing institution
pdf-icon EbA in marine, terrestrial and coastal regions as a means of improving livelihoods and conserving biodiversity (118 kB)   South America, Africa, Southeast Asia Brazil, South Africa, Philippines Marine and coastal Improvement of resilience and adaptive capacity of vulnerable people  Conservation International
pdf-icon EbA for smallholder subsistence and coffee farming communities in Central America (133 kB) Central America Honduras, Guatemala, Costa Rica Agriculture Vulnerability assessment; Identification of EbA strategies; Capacity building Conservation International; Tropical Agriculture Research and Higher Education Center (CATIE) 
pdf-icon Responding to shoreline change and its human dimensions through integrated coastal area management (87 kB) Africa Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Cape Verde Marine and coastal Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures UNDP; GEF; UNESCO
pdf-icon Community-based fire management in Australia (68 kB) Oceania Australia Rangeland and grassland; forest and woodland Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures Northern Territory Government
pdf-icon The protective capacity of forests against snow avalanches (66 kB) Europe Switzerland Mountain; Forest and woodland Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures Government of Switzerland
pdf-icon Enhancing adaptive capacity in semi-arid mountainous regions, Bolivia (66 kB) Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivia Mountain; Forest and woodland Assessment of vulnerability; Improvement in capacity design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures The Netherlands Climate Assistance Programme (NCAP)
pdf-icon Carpathian integrated assessment of vulnerability to climate change and ecosystem-based adaptation measures (CARPIVIA) project (63 kB) Europe Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Ukraine Mountain; Forest and woodland

Assessment of vulnerability; Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures

European Commission
pdf-icon The CEIBA-PILARES project (66 kB) Latin America and the Caribbean Ecuador and Peru Forest and woodland Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures Nature and Culture International
pdf-icon Coping with drought and climate change in the Chiredzi district (69 kB) Africa Zimbabwe Agriculture; Rangelands and grasslands Assessment of vulnerability; Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures Government; UN Agency
pdf-icon Integrated National Adaptation Plan - Colombia highland ecosystems (87 kB) Latin America and the Caribbean Colombia Mountain; Inland Water Assessment of vulnerability; Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures GEF; World Bank; Conservation International
pdf-icon Edmonton's Urban Forest Management Plan (UFMP) (98 kB) North America Canada Urban; Forest and woodland Assessment of vulnerability; Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures City of Edmonton
pdf-icon Drought-resistant agriculture in El-Salvador (89 kB) Latin America and the Caribbean El-Salvador Agriculture Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures Red Cross; World Food Programme
pdf-icon Managed realignment and the reestablishment of saltmarsh habitat, Freiston Shore, U.K. (66 kB) Europe United Kingdom Marine and coastal Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures RSPB; Environment Agency
pdf-icon Agriculture in the lower Flint River Basin, Georgia, USA (65 kB) North America United States Agriculture Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures The Nature Conservancy
pdf-icon Community-based coastal habitat restoration ('Green Coast Project') (70 kB) Asia Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Thailand and Malaysia Marine and coastal; Forest and woodland Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures Wetlands International, Both Ends, WWF; IUCN
pdf-icon Integrating agro-forestry practices in the farming system in Grenada (66 kB) SIDS/Latin America and the Caribbean Grenada Agriculture; Mountain Implementation of EBA measures Government of Grenada
pdf-icon Integration of climate change risk and resilience into forestry management (ICCRIFS) (65 kB) SIDS/Oceania Samoa Forest and woodland Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures UNDP, GEF; GoS
pdf-icon Jordan Valley Permaculture Project (67 kB) Asia Jordan Agriculture Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures National Center for Agricultural Research and Transfer of Technology, Jordan; Permaculture Research Institute (PRI) of Australia
pdf-icon Kikuyu Escarpment Forest (66 kB) Africa Kenya Forest and woodland Implementation of EBA measures Birdlife; Kenyan Forestry Service
pdf-icon Kimbe Bay: Scientific design of a resilient network of marine protected areas (89 kB) SIDS/Oceania Papua New Guinea Marine and coastal Assessment of vulnerability; Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures The Nature Conservancy
pdf-icon Assessing the impacts of climate change on Madagascar's biodiversity and livelihoods (89 kB) Africa Madagascar Forest; Marine and coastal Assessment of vulnerability; Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures Government of Madagascar; USAID; Conservation International; WWF
pdf-icon Using the Maya Nut Tree to increase tropical agroecosystem resilience to climate change in Central America and Mexico (66 kB) Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua, Guatemala, El Salvador and Mexico Forest and woodland; Agriculture Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures Maya Nut Institute
pdf-icon Adapting to climate change in the Mesoamerican Reef (87 kB) Latin America and the Caribbean Belize Marine and coastal Assessment of vulnerability; Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures WWF
pdf-icon Coping with drought and climate change, Mozambique (69 kB) Africa Mozambique Agriculture; Rangeland and grassland Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures UNDP
pdf-icon Nagoya Water Revitalisation Plan (85 kB) Asia Japan Urban; Inland waters Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures City of Nagoya
pdf-icon New Orleans: Preserving the wetlands to increase climate change resilience (87 kB) North America United States Inland water; Marine and coastal Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures City of New Orleans
pdf-icon Nomadic Herders: Enhancing the resilience of pastoral ecosystems and livelihoods (67 kB) Polar Mongolia and Russian Federation Mountain; Rangeland and grassland Assessment of vulnerability; Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures UNEP/GRID-Arendal; Association of World Reindeer Herders; UArctic EALAT Institute
pdf-icon Netherlands Ooijpolder 'Climate Buffer' project (67 kB) Europe Netherlands Inland water Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures ARK Nature, Rivierenland (Water Board), BirdLife Netherlands, National Forest Service and a private landowner
pdf-icon Orito Ingi Ande Medicinal Plants Sanctuary (65 kB) Latin America and the Caribbean Colombia Forest and woodland Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures Government of Colombia; local communities
pdf-icon The Pangani River Basin management Project (PRBMP) (68 kB) Africa Tanzania Inland water; Agriculture Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures Pangani River Basin Management Project; IUCN; UNDP
pdf-icon Rio de Janeiro's Community Reforestation Project (100 kB) Latin America and the Caribbean Brazil Urban; Forest and woodland Improvement in capacity; design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measurres City of Rio
pdf-icon Ecosystem-based adaptation by small-holder farmers in Roslagen, Sweden (66 kB) Europe Sweden Agriculture Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures n/a
pdf-icon Conservation and management of high altitude peatlands of Ruoergai Marshes for water security and climate change adaptation (83 kB) Asia China Mountain; Inland water Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures Wetlands International
pdf-icon Maintenance of hydropower potential in Rwanda through ecosystem restoration (67 kB) Africa Rwanda Inland water Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures Government of Rwanda
pdf-icon South Africa: Ecosystem-based planning for climate change (65 kB) Africa South-Africa All Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures Government of South Africa
pdf-icon Community-based rangeland rehabilitation (69 kB) Africa Sudan Rangeland and grassland; agriculture Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures UNDP; GEF
pdf-icon Adaptation to climate change impacts in the Syunik Mountain Forest Ecosystems of Armenia (69 kB) Asia Armenia Forest and woodland; Mountain Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures GEF, UNDP, Government of Armenia
pdf-icon Increasing Taro crop diversity (68 kB) SIDS/Oceania Samoa Agriculture Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures Secretariat of the Pacific Community; AusAid; Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research
pdf-icon Tonle Sap (64 kB) Asia Cambodia Forest and woodland; Inland water Assessment of vulnerability; Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures Conservation International; Government of Cambodia
pdf-icon Whangamarino Wetlands (67 kB) Oceania New Zealand Inland water Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures Government of New Zealand
pdf-icon Climate Change Governance Capacity: Building Regionally and Nationally Tailored Ecosystem-Based Adaptation in Mesoamerica (66 kB) Central and South America Mexico, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Panama Marine and coastal; Agriculture; Inland waters Assessment of vulnerability; Improvement in capacity design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures Federal Environment Ministry of Germany, International Union for Conservation of Nature
pdf-icon Ecosystem-Based Adaptation in Marine, Terrestrial and Coastal Regions as a Means of Improving Livelihoods and Conserving Biodiversity in the Face of Climate Change (65 kB) Asia, Latin America and Africa Brazil, Philippines, South Africa Marine and coastal; forest and woodland; agriculture; inland water Assessment of vulnerability; Improvement in capacity, design and policy measures; Implementation of EBA measures Federal Environment Ministry of Germany,  Conservation International Foundation
Relevant documents
Ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation: compilation of information. Note by the secretariatPrepared in response to mandate from the SBSTA at its 34th session in the context of the Nairobi work programme)
 

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