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Compendium on methods and tools to evaluate impacts of, and vulnerability and adaptation to, climate change
Adaptation Guidance Document

This document gives guidance on how climate resilience and adaptation can be integrated into national-level policy and programmatic planning in the water sector. It aims to be practical and pragmatic and is based on existing conditions in terms of areas such as knowledge, skills, capacity and observed climate change impacts and risks. It also draws on other tools, approaches and experiences, so as to complement existing work while also filling gaps.

The guide is divided into four core tasks:
1. Establishing an understanding of climate change risk and key actors
2. Strengthening national policy frameworks
3. Developing and implementing a climate-resilient action plan for the water sector
4. Tracking performance, adjusting to changes and making improvements

Each of these has a set of sub-tasks which include a sequence of steps and suggested approaches to break down activities further. It is a guidance document as opposed to a prescriptive tool and can be used flexibly according to the context.

Appropriate Use The guide is for use by water ministry officials at the national level working with many stakeholders across different sectors both within and outside of the government. It is also intended for use by donor institutions wishing to support the integration of adaptation through development cooperation, as well as for civil society organisations wishing to participate in government policy and planning.
Scope Least Developed Countries and Small Island Developing States; water resources
Key Output Integration of climate risk and adaptation into national-level policy and planning in the water sector, including climate-proofed policies, strategies and action plans. Other outputs include better integration between the water sector and other sectors such as agriculture, energy and mining.
Key Input The Water Ministry will need to work with other departments within government as well as agencies outside of the government in order to implement the guide.
Ease of Use The guide aims to be practical and user-friendly, but some level of capacity, understanding and awareness of climate change and adaptation is necessary. The intention is that government officials with limited experience in the issues can lead the process as laid out in the guide but additional capacity and resources may be necessary at various stages depending on the context.
Training Required No training is required.
Training Available No training is required.
Computer Requirements Access to the internet is necessary.

The guide can be downloaded from


National level policy and planning in the water sector.

Contacts for Framework, Documentation, Technical Assistance

Ms. Mari Williams, Tearfund

Cost No cost