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Compendium on methods and tools to evaluate impacts of, and vulnerability and adaptation to, climate change


The “Smartline” approach is a method of capturing geographical data in a segmented line within a Geographical Information System (GIS). The model builds on over six years experience using a similar approach in the Australian state of Tasmania.

The approach allows:

  1. Extraction of data from a range of different existing geomorphic maps (in different formats and with different classifications) and translation of these into a single, nationally consistent classification;
  2. Rapid identification of shores sensitive to physical change or instability resulting from climate change and sea level rise.
Appropriate Use A key advantage of the model is its ability to rapidly capture a very wide range of information for a coastal zone at different levels of detail. It also allows many types of data analysis to be undertaken efficiently. Consequently, the “Smartline” approach is ideal for first pass assessments of coastal vulnerability.
Scope The information captured is useful for a wide range of management and research purposes in addition to vulnerability assessment, for example oil spill sensitivity assessments and coastal natural asset inventories. As such, the methodology provides a very practical means of mapping useful coastal geomorphic data for countries that do not have the capacity to undertake major (polygon) geomorphic mapping exercises.
Key Output GIS based geomorphic map of coastal sensitivity.
Key Input The majority of input data may be sourced through aerial photograph and cartographic analsysis; this includes data on morphology of coast and geographic setting.
Ease of Use The Smartline tools is easy to maneuver and understand, and is supported by a range of practitioners and experts that can be consulted for advice and lessons learned. However, initial development of a Smartline mapping systems requires expert input and training.
Training Required There is no training required to use these resources. The R2 Toolkit is in a website format so any person familiar with the internet should be able to navigate the tool.
Training Available A series of regional training sessions have been held in the Caribbean, Southeast Asia, Western Pacific, South Asia, and Western Indian Ocean. Additional training has occurred in American Samoa, Australia, MesoAmerican Reef, and the Red Sea. These training sessions covered the application of resilience principles to real-world situations and problems. There are no sessions currently scheduled. Future training may occur once the toolkit is revised (Oct 2008) and a demand for the training develops.
Computer Requirements Certain applications will be needed to view the Toolkits rich-media including: QuickTime, Adobe Acrobat Reader, Arc Explorer, and Microsoft Office (Word and PowerPoint). The CD-ROM includes these media applications.

System requirements for:
MAC OS X: A 400 MHz PowerPC G3 or faster Macintosh computer, at least 128 MB of RAM, Mac OS X v10.2.5-10.3.x.
Mac OS 8.6/9: A PowerPC processor-based Macintosh computer, at least 128 MB of RAM, Mac OS 8.6 or later.
Windows: A Pentium processor-based PC or compatible computer, at least 128 MB of RAM, Win 98/Me/2000/XP.
Documentation There is a user guide provided and help embedded within the application.
Contacts for Framework, Documentation, Technical Assistance For specific questions on web browser requirements please contact Stephanie Wear at