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Compendium on methods and tools to evaluate impacts of, and vulnerability and adaptation to, climate change

Resource Approach to Assessment of Climate Change Impact on Human Activity

Resource approach allows decision makers to include information on climate conditions and their change directly in economic analysis.

The climate resources estimation helps to represent spatial distribution of climate resources for given field of human activity and to evaluate total climate resources for concrete region and to compare them over the whole country. This methodology creates opportunities to compare climate resources for different economic sectors in various regions at present and in the future and to choose the regions that could be optimal for development of specific activity taking into account probable climate change. Particularly, this approach provides some tools to assess vulnerability of regions and economic sectors to climate change in terms of climate resources change.

Resource approach involves 5 steps:

  1. To select specific indexes of climate impact on objects and processes in a given economy sector;
  2. To calculate these impact indexes both at present and for the future using results regional climate projections;
  3. To convert climate impact indexes from initial physical units to relative (non-dimensional) units;
  4. To estimate climate resource for a given economy sector in each region of the country;
  5. To compare climate resource values in different regions and choose the optimal ones.
Appropriate Use Resource approach is relevant to decision makers who are responsible for regional planning of economic activity, strategic planning of a given economy sector, ensuring the sustainable development of the region’s economy. This information can be also used for concrete applications including the estimation of economic value for land.
Scope All regions, all economic sectors.
Key Output The values of climate resources and evaluation of adaptation potential to climate change for various economic branches in all regions of a given country expressed in relative and monetary (for some sectors) units.
Key Input Meteorological data for specific climate impact index calculations, results of regional climate projections.
Ease of Use Relatively easy to apply, only basic computer skills are needed.
Training Required Requires little training, but it requires expert knowledge to choose appropriate climate impact indexes.
Training Available No formal training currently offered. Sources of assistance / consulting can be obtained from contacts.
Computer Requirements Computer access
Documentation Encyclopedia of climate resources of Russia. 2005, 319 pp., Gidrometeoizdat, St. Petersburg.

Applications across a wide range of regions in Russian Federation in the following sectors: building construction, land use planning, power grid planning.

Contacts for Framework, Documentation, Technical Assistance

Nina Kobysheva

Voeikov Main Geophysical Observatory, 194021 Karbyshev Str. 7, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation; Tel: +7.812.2974390; Fax: +7.812.297.8661; e-mail: or

Cost Depends on breadth of assessment

Akentyeva, E.M. 2005. New approaches to the climate resource estimation. In Proceedings - GCOS Regional Workshop for Eastern and Central Europe, Leipzig, Germany [CD-ROM computer file].

Kobysheva, N.V. and O.B. Iljina. 2001. Methodology of climate resource estimation in Leningrad region. Meteorology and climatology 9:17-24.

Kobysheva, N.V. 2005. Climate as a Natural Resource for Integrated Planning and Management. In Proceedings - Technical Conference “Climate as a Resource”, Beijing, China [CD-ROM computer file].