Ecosystem-based adaptation approaches and measures to ensure the health of biodiversity and ecosystems can
reduce vulnerability in urban areas and enable adaptation, as well as contrinbuting to food security, urban
development, water purification, waste water treatment, and other services (IPCC, 2004). Residents in St
Petersburg, Russia, have taken measures into their own hands to create a green roof and garden in the city,
offering a range of ecosystem services.
Photo: Maria Ignatieva 'Citizens green roof in St Petersburg'
An electronic version of the full 2015 calendar is available here (17497 kB) .