Rationale for NAPAs
In order to address the urgent adaptation needs of the LDCs, a new approach was needed that would
focus on enhancing adaptive capacity to climate variability, which itself would help address the
adverse effects of climate change. The NAPA takes into account existing coping strategies at the
grassroots level, and builds upon that to identify priority activities, rather than focusing on
scenario-based modeling to assess future vulnerability and long-term policy at state level. In the
NAPA process, prominence is given to community-level input as an important source of information,
recognizing that grassroots communities are the main stakeholders.
NAPAs provide a process for the LDCs to identify priority activities that respond to their urgent and
immediate needs with regard to adaptation to climate change. The rationale for NAPAs rests on the
limited ability of the LDCs to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change.
Focus of NAPAs
The NAPAs focus on urgent and immediate needs - those for which further delay could increase
vulnerability or lead to increased costs at a later stage. NAPAs are designed to use existing
information; and no new research is needed. They must be action-oriented and country-driven and be
flexible and based on national circumstances. Finally, in order to effectively address urgent and
immediate adaptation needs, NAPA documents should be presented in a simple format, easily understood
both by policy-level decision-makers and by the public.
The main content of the NAPA document a list of ranked priority adaptation activities and projects,
as well as short profiles of each activity or project, designed to facilitate the development of
proposals for implementation of the NAPA.
The NAPA preparation process
The steps for the preparation of the NAPAs include synthesis of available information,
participatory assessment of vulnerability to current climate variability and extreme events and of
areas where risks would increase due to climate change, identification of key adaptation measures as
well as criteria for prioritizing activities, and selection of a prioritized short list of
The development of a NAPA also includes short profiles of projects and/or activities intended to
address urgent and immediate adaptation needs of LDC Parties.
Upon completion, the NAPA is submitted to the UNFCCC secretariat, where it is posted on the website,
and the LDC Party becomes eligible to apply for funding for implementation of the NAPA under the LDC
Fund. A copy of the NAPA is also sent to the Global
Environment Facility (GEF).
To facilitate access to priorities identified in the NAPAs, the secretariat has developed a
The NAPA implementation process
Once a NAPA has been submitted to the UNFCCC secretariat, the LDC Party can start the process of
implementation under the LDC Fund, which
is managed by the GEF. To initiate implementation, an LDC Party prepares a concept note and requests
an implementing agency of the GEF (currently there are 10 of them), to assist it in submitting a
proposal for funding to the GEF under the LDC Fund. The GEF agency then works with the country to
develop the concept into a full project that is ready for implementation under the GEF project cycle.
The GEF cycle includes a sequence of steps that
includes submission of a project identification form (PIF), followed by a project preparation grant
(PPG), then a full-sized project (FSP) proposal. Each of these stages is either approved by the GEF
Chief Operating Officer and/or the GEF Council. This interactive process with the country is
supported by funds to assist the country fully develop the project and prepare the relevant project
documents for submission. The GEF agency works very closely with the country during each successive
step, and ultimately supports the country in implementing the project.