An important decision to be made early on is how to approach the implementation of the NAPA. The two
main options are either to pursue funding through the LDCF for a single project, going through the
whole sequence of steps in submitting a proposal, or to design a strategy for implementing the whole
NAPA. This would be done by designing an integrated or programmatic approach that would address all
of the priority needs, going through the planning and justifications for implementation, then
accessing the LDCF for an initial phase of the implementation under the current ceiling of funding
available to each LDC.
The single project referred to here can include multiple NAPA priority activities; however, it is
packaged as one project in terms of GEF processing. A country may initially choose to pursue only one
project through the LDCF in order to start the implementation process quickly, or when there are no
resources to design the more integrated approach. Most LDCs have followed this route so far and have
accessed the LDCF for implementing one discrete project.
More recent discussions on adaptation have explored the value of programmatic approaches to increase
the effectiveness of interventions and to ensure sustainability of the activities when they are fully
integrated into sectoral and other national activities and programmes.
However, it was noted that even though a programmatic approach may make more sense for enhanced
coordination and adaptation benefits, it would require significantly more funds than are currently
available to each LDC under the LDCF alone and would also require more effort to develop.
There is also a recognition that since clear guidance on policy and project design was not provided
at the early stages of NAPA preparation, most LDCs were not able to develop an implementation
strategy during the NAPA preparation phase that matched subsequent guidance on the implementation of
NAPAs under the LDCF.