Best practice and lesson learned 7: Designing a thorough implementation strategy can improve the
effectiveness of NAPA implementation
An important decision to be made early on is how to approach the implementation of the NAPA.
The two main options are either to pursue funding through the LDCF for a single project,
going through the whole sequence of steps in submitting a proposal, or to design a strategy
for implementing the whole NAPA. This would be done by designing an integrated or
programmatic approach that would address all of the priority needs, going through the
planning and justifications for implementation, then accessing the LDCF for an initial phase
of the implementation under the current ceiling of funding available to each LDC.
The single project referred to here can include multiple NAPA priority activities; however,
it is packaged as one project in terms of GEF processing. A country may initially choose to
pursue only one project through the LDCF in order to start the implementation process
quickly, or when there are no resources to design the more integrated approach. Most LDCs
have followed this route so far and have accessed the LDCF for implementing one discrete
More recent discussions on adaptation have explored the value of programmatic approaches to
increase the effectiveness of interventions and to ensure sustainability of the activities
when they are fully integrated into sectoral and other national activities and
However, it was noted that even though a programmatic approach may make more sense for
enhanced coordination and adaptation benefits, it would require significantly more funds than
are currently available to each LDC under the LDCF alone and would also require more effort
There is also a recognition that since clear guidance on policy and project design was not
provided at the early stages of NAPA preparation, most LDCs were not able to develop an
implementation strategy during the NAPA preparation phase that matched subsequent guidance on
the implementation of NAPAs under the LDCF.
Best practice: Thorough implementation strategies can help take advantage of
opportunities as increased funding becomes available. Countries that were able to carefully
consider and plan their implementing strategy during the NAPA preparation process generally
experienced a smoother transition into the implementation phase.
Lessons learned: Some LDCs have felt that the absence of early guidelines for
the implementation of NAPAs has prohibited the development of a comprehensive implementation
strategy during the NAPA preparation phase. Many LDCs adopted a single project approach and
would have favoured a programmatic approach if clear guidelines to develop such an approach had
been made available to them.
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