One of the most notable features of the support provided to LDCs under the UNFCCC process was
the packaging of priorities for support into the LDC work programme in 2001. Furthermore,
decisions were adopted to define the guidelines for the preparation of NAPAs, and an expert
group (the LEG) was created to provide technical support to LDCs in the preparation of their
NAPAs. In addition, the LDCF was created to provide a funding source to support the LDC work
In 2001, given the unpredictability of the level of funding in the LDCF and before addressing
other elements of the LDC work programme, priority was given to the preparation of NAPAs. In
2005, further prioritization took place after some NAPAs had been prepared, in order to
support the implementation of those NAPAs.
The preparation of NAPAs has provided valuable experience to the climate change process. In
many LDCs, this was the first opportunity to undertake various climate change related studies
and to align adaptation projects with national development priorities. Furthermore, the
participatory approach and consultations conducted during the NAPA preparation process were a
key mechanism for interaction with vulnerable communities and allowed for a better
understanding of vulnerability issues related to climate change and development.
The NAPA preparation process also improved the level of awareness and capacity at the
national and community levels; this increased capacity has benefited other processes,
including the preparation of national communications, and the awareness of the importance of
climate change has been raised at the policymaking level.
In many LDCs, the NAPA has become a strategic document that is used not only to raise
awareness but also to mobilize resources at the national and international levels on
adaptation issues. The LDCs view the NAPA process as a tangible outcome of the UNFCCC process
that directly benefits their country and, for many, it forms the cornerstone of their climate
change activities at the national level.
Most LDCs under the Convention have completed their NAPAs (as of September 2011, 46 NAPAs had
been submitted) and some are already undertaking a review to incorporate new information into
the revision and update of their NAPA and other related plans. As of May 2011, 43 countries
had submitted at least one project under the LDCF and 28 projects had been endorsed by the
CEO of the GEF.