Fifteen years ago, the international community recognised the particular vulnerability of the least
developed countries (LDCs) to the impacts of climate change. UNFCCC signatories created the national
adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs) in Marrakech in 2001, a process to help LDCs identify
priority activities to address their urgent and immediate adaptation needs at the national
level— those for which further delay would increase vulnerability and/or costs at a later
Designed to be action-oriented, country-driven, flexible and based on national circumstances, NAPAs
and their projects are as diverse as the adaptation needs they are designed to address. After
completing their NAPAs, LDCs can apply for NAPA project funding under the Least Developed Countries
Fund, managed by the Global Environment Facility.
Now, all LDCs have submitted NAPAs. Many have developed and submitted funding proposals for NAPA
projects, and are either implementing their priority projects or awaiting their acceptance and
funding. These countries, and the LDC Expert Group (LEG) that has provided much-needed guidance
throughout the process, have paved the way for the creation and development of other adaptation
processes. Further information on NAPAs can be found at .
The LDCs are now building upon the NAPAs in the process to formulate and implement national
adaptation plans (NAPs).”
This calendar features a selection of NAPA projects from around the world. Whether in rural or urban,
landlocked, island or mountainous areas, these projects represent the first united step taken by LDCs
to identify and tackle their most urgent and immediate adaptation needs.
Cover picture: A farmer gathering wheat in Afghanistan. Photo by UN Photo/Eric Kanalstein.
Agriculture and food security are among the top priorities expressed in NAPAs. Other urgent and
immediate priorities for adaptation to climate change include disaster risk reduction and early
warning systems, coastal management and water security.
Click on the image above for a post card and case study for each month. The full
calendar is electronically available here.