Cancun Adaptation Framework
Parties adopted the Cancun Adaptation Framework (CAF) as part of the Cancun Agreements at the
2010 Climate Change Conference
in Cancun, Mexico (COP 16/ CMP 6). In the Agreements, Parties affirmed that adaptation must be
addressed with the same level of priority as mitigation. The CAF is the result of three years of
negotiations on adaptation under the AWG-LCA that had followed the adoption of the Bali Action Plan at the
2007 Climate Change Conference in Bali, Indonesia (COP 13/ CMP 3).
provides an overview of all relevant negotiations, meetings and documents on the Cancun Adaptation
The objective of the Cancun Adaptation
Framework (paras 11-35) is to enhance action on adaptation, including through
international cooperation and coherent consideration of matters relating to adaptation under the
Convention. Ultimately enhanced action on adaptation seeks to reduce vulnerability and build
resilience in developing country Parties, taking into account the urgent and immediate needs of those
developing countries that are particularly vulnerable. At the Durban Climate
Change Conference in November/ December 2011, Parties significantly advanced the implementation of
The Cancun Adaptation Framework includes the following five clusters:
- All Parties to plan, prioritize and implement adaptation actions and to use existing channels to
provide information on support provided and received for adaptation actions and on activities
- A process to enable LDC Parties - building upon their experience with the NAPAs - to
formulate and implement national
adaptation plans and an invitation to other developing country Parties to employ the
modalities formulated to support those plans;
- A work programme to consider
approaches to address loss and damage associated with climate change impacts in
developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change.
- Developed country Parties to provide developing country Parties, taking into account the
needs of those that are particularly vulnerable, with long-term, scaled-up, predictable, new and
technology, and capacity-building (paras 95-137) to implement adaptation actions, plans,
programmes and projects at local, national, subregional and regional levels, including activities
under the Cancun Adaptation Framework.
At the global level: establishment of an Adaptation
Committee to promote the implementation of enhanced action on adaptation in a coherent
manner under the Convention;
At the regional level: strengthening and, where necessary, establishing
regional centres and networks, in particular in developing countries;
At the national level: strengthening and, where necessary, establishing
and/or designation of national-level institutional arrangements.
- Be undertaken in accordance with the Convention;
- Follow a country-driven, gender-sensitive, participatory and fully transparent approach,
taking into consideration vulnerable groups, communities and ecosystems;
- Be based on and guided by the best available science and, as appropriate, traditional and
- Be undertaken with a view to integrating adaptation into relevant social, economic and
environmental policies and actions.
5. Stakeholder engagement
- Relevant multilateral, international, regional and national organizations, the public and private
sectors, civil society and other relevant stakeholders are invited to undertake and support enhanced
action on adaptation at all levels.