Chronology - Adaptation Committee
24-25 May: Technical Expert Meetings on Adaptation at SB 44
As part of the
Technical Examination Process on Adaptation, two technical expert meetings on
adaptation (TEM-A) were organized under the umbrella topic: Reducing vulnerability and
mainstreaming climate change adaptation, including through the process to formulate and
implement national adaptation plans. The first
TEM-A focused on enhancing the implementation of adaptation action with emphasis on
gaps, needs, challenges, options and opportunities for implementation on the ground; means
of implementation, including for the improvement of climate information services and
understanding of scientific information at the national level; and good practices for
reducing vulnerability. The second
TEM-A focused on effective policy frameworks and institutional arrangements for
adaptation planning and implementation, including for multi-level governance and monitoring
and evaluation. This process was established at COP 21 as part of the enhanced action prior
to 2020 in the decision adopting the Paris Agreement.
17 May: Side event of the Adaptation Committee at SB 44 on collaboration with
regional centres and networks
event took place during SB 44 in Bonn, providing an overview of the ground work already
done by the AC on what would be needed in terms of technical support to developing country
Parties and subsequently seeking input from the audience on if and how the establishment of
a new partnership could be of added value. This side event is one of the many activities
under the AC’s workstream on technical support and guidance to Parties, responding to
the COP decision 1/CP/16.
12 May: Third Adaptation Forum, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
Adaptation Forum took place as part of the 2016 Adaptation Futures conference in
Rotterdam, the Netherlands. The AC used the opportunity of having a broad range of experts
available to seek input on two out of its five mandates from Paris by first framing and
then asking the following two questions: What is needed to objectively review the adequacy
and effectiveness of adaptation actions and the support for adaptation in countries? And
what can be done to effectively and efficiently recognize the adaptation efforts that have
been undertaken by developing countries? The Forum proved a good entry point into the
discussion and reflected a broad range of views and understandings regarding both issues.
There was broad interest to contribute to the work of the AC on these matters and
participants were invited to provide further written inputs via email to AC@unfccc.int..
1-3 March: Ninth meeting of the Adaptation Committee, Bonn, Germany
At its ninth meeting the
Adaptation Committee (AC) elected a new Co-Chair, Ms. Minpeng Chen (China) and re-elected
Mr. Don Lemmen (Canada). The AC agreed on a revised workplan for the years 2016 to 2018 in line with the new
mandates from COP21.
The AC further took into consideration the continued work of its NAP TF and invited
the LEG, the SCF, the TEC and the GCF to nominate or re-nominate members.
With regard to supporting the implementation of the Paris outcome, the AC agreed on next
steps to undertake the five tasks that were mandated to the AC or to the AC together with
other bodies. For the 2016 Technical Examination Process on adaptation (TEP-A) the AC
agreed on the umbrella topic “Reducing vulnerability and mainstreaming climate change
adaptation, including through the process to formulate and implement national adaptation
plans”, which will inform the technical examination meetings as well as the technical
papers and summary for policy makers this year.
It also agreed on next steps in the collaboration with the GCF and endorsed a concept note
for a side event which will set the groundwork for a potential partnership platform with
national, regional and international organizations, centres and networks.
30 November-12 December: COP 21, Paris, France
COP 21 appreciated
the progress made by the Adaptation Committee (AC) in the implementation of its first
3-year workplan. Furthermore, it welcomed the report
of the AC, including its recommendations and the workplan of the AC for the period
2016–2018 contained in its annex. Based on a recommendation from the AC, the COP
invited the IPCC to enhance outreach activities that would facilitate policymakers’
understanding of the impact of different levels of warming on adaptation planning and
actions. It requested the AC to further strengthen cooperation with the SCF and other
constituted bodies under the Convention, with a view to enhancing coherence and
collaboration regarding adaptation finance. In addition, the COP requested the TEC, in
collaboration with the CTCN, AC and LEG, to consider how it can help Parties to align their
technology needs assessments with the process to formulate and implement NAPs.
Paris Agreement further contains a range of new activities for the AC, including to
conduct a technical examination process on adaptation.
9-12 September: Eighth meeting of the Adaptation Committee, Bonn, Germany
At its eighth meeting the
AC agreed on its future workplan for the years 2016-2018. The workplan builds on the
results of the AC's work undertaken so far and maintains flexibility to take on new and
emerging tasks, including those resulting from future agreements and decisions under the
Convention, including COP 21, as well as the 2016 review of the progress and performance of
The AC further agreed on its inputs to the SCF's guidance to the operating entities of
the financial mechanism under the Convention and considered the outlines for two
forthcoming publications, namely its 2015 Overview Report and a publication on support
available for the process to formulate and implement NAPs. Both publications will be made
available before COP 21.
Based on the outcomes of its work carried out throughout 2015, including an input document
containing information, key issues and recommendations on the means of implementation for
enhanced adaptation action, the AC also agreed on recommendations to be forwarded to COP 21
for consideration, which will be contained in this year's report of the AC.
7-8 September: Expert meeting on promoting livelihoods and economic
diversification, Bonn, Germany
The meeting took place immediately before AC 8, building on the relevant work undertaken
under the NWP on this matter.
It was held under the guidance of the Chair of the SBSTA and in collaboration with relevant
NWP organizations. The expert meeting was attended by almost 40 experts on livelihood
and economic diversification and was informed by a variety of case studies provided by NWP
Participants discussed economic diversification at the regional and national levels,
livelihood diversification at the household and community levels, as well as options to
strengthen linkages between both, including processes and tools that can effectively
integrate efforts, in particular in the NAP process. For more information please visit the
The report on the meeting will be made available for consideration by AC 9. In addition,
the AC will also issue in 2016 a user-friendly information product to disseminate the
findings from the meeting.
16-17 April: Workshop on experiences, good practices, lessons learned, gaps and needs
on the process to formulate and implement national adaptation plans, Bonn,
The AC, in collaboration with the LEG, organized this workshop
back to back with the NAP Expo, drawing upon experts and practitioners at different levels
to share experiences, good practices, lessons learned, gaps and needs on the process to
formulate and implement NAPs.
The workshop built on the outcomes of the previous year’s meeting organized by the
AC's NAP taskforce, the work on the means of implementation for enhanced
adaptation action and on information exchanged during the NAP Expo. The workshop was
informed by an information paper (FCCC/SBI/2014/INF.14).
At COP 20, Parties decided that there is a need to enhance the reporting on the process to
formulate and implement NAPs and noted the need to strengthen the existing reporting
related to the process. The COP decided to explore reporting options as part of this
workshop and to then further consider how to enhance reporting related to the NAP process
at SBI 42. SBI 42 then initiated its consideration of options on this matter, taking
into account information contained in the workshop report (FCCC/SBI/2015/INF.6).
The SBI agreed to continue that consideration at SBI 44.
7 March: Second Adaptation Forum “Institutional arrangements to build
partnerships and strengthen regional networks” Panama City,
The AC held its 2015 Adaptation
Forum in conjunction with the first forum of the Global Adaptation Network (GAN).
The objectives of the 2015 Adaptation Forum were to build and share partnerships and to
prioritize areas for cooperation
to support improved regional institutional arrangements for adaptation, as well as
encouraging the engagement of regional networks and institutions with the AC.
The event brought together almost 100 participants, including individuals from various
adaptation knowledge networks and institutions, government officials and experts working in
the field of climate change adaptation, providing an opportunity for dialogue and learning
between adaptation actors and networks inter-regionally and globally.
2-4 March: Workshop on the means of implementation for enhanced adaptation
action, Bonn, Germany
The overarching topic of the workshop was understanding adaptation finance: how has
adaptation finance resulted – or not resulted – in effective and concrete
The workshop explored the following five topics: access to finance; national-level
institutional arrangements and mobilization of finance in developing countries; the
importance of integrating adaptation into development; the role of the private sector; and
the NAP process.
The workshop was informed by a synthesis paper ( AC/2015/9), based on submissions and other relevant information on
adaptation finance, which was provided as background in advance of the workshop. The
synthesis paper, the report on the workshop and other background information are available
on the workshop webpage.
24-27 February: Seventh meeting of the Adaptation Committee, Bonn,
At its seventh meeting the
Adaptation Committee (AC) members elected a new Co-Chair, Mr. Don Lemmen (Canada)
and re-elected Mr. Juan Hoffmaister (Bolivia, Plurinational State of) as Co-Chair. Relevant
progress was made, including in the areas of coherence and collaboration, with
participation of one of the Co-Chairs of the GCF.
With regard to adaptation finance, the AC agreed to discontinue fragmented discussions and
to give that matter a focused discussion space under agenda item on means of
implementation. The involvement of external experts was further perceived as a good
initiative to advance the work of the AC.
The areas of M&E and NAPs particularly profited from this expert participation, as well
as an open discussion day to exchange views and ideas for the next workplan of the
In addition, observers acknowledged the work of the AC and welcomed its transparency.
1–14 December: COP 20, Lima, Peru
appreciated the continued work of the AC on providing technical support and guidance to the
Parties on adaptation action, including through the work carried out by the Committee's
task force on national
adaptation plans. It requested Parties, operating entities of the Financial Mechanism
and other relevant entities working on adaptation to consider the recommendations contained
in chapter V of the report
of the AC. It welcomed the initiation of consideration by the AC of its next work
plan, starting in 2016.
29 September to 1 October: Sixth meeting of the Adaptation Committee, Bonn,
At its sixth meeting the
Adaptation Committee (AC) discussed progress on its enhanced collaboration with
related processes under the Convention, in particular the Least Developed Countries Expert
Group (LEG), the Technology Executive Committee (TEC) and the Standing Committee on Finance
(SCF). This includes a number of activities planned jointly, such as an AC/LEG workshop on
NAPs and collaboration with Nairobi work programme partners on a workshop on economic
diversification and livelihoods, both scheduled for 2015.
Another highlight was progress made on the third thematic workshop planned for 2015, which
the AC is organizing under its work stream on means to incentivize the implementation of
adaptation action. The AC fleshed out further details on that workshop which is planned to
be held during the first quarter of 2015.
The AC further refined a draft thematic report entitled "Institutional arrangements
for national adaptation planning and implementation" which will be launched during COP
20 in Lima.
The next meeting of the AC is scheduled to take place in early 2015. The AC is further
exploring possibilities to collaborate with UNEP in the organization of the next Adaptation
Forum in the context of the Global Adaptation Network (GAN) in early March. The Adaptation
Forum would focus on the topic of building partnerships and strengthening
regional adaptation networks.
26–27 September: Meeting of the NAP Task Force with representatives from UN
agencies, multilateral and bilateral organizations and NGOs
The sixth meeting of the Adaptation Committee (AC) was preceded by a two-day
interactive discussion of the AC's Task Force on
National Adaptation Plans (NAP Task Force) with representatives from UN agencies,
multilateral and bilateral organizations and NGOs supporting the NAP process. The
discussion focused on support for NAPs and explored how organizations can best support the
process. The findings of that meeting fed into AC6 where the Committee considered possible
next steps, which have been included in the report
of the AC to COP 20.
1–4 April: Joint meeting of the Adaptation Committee and the Nairobi work
The Adaptation Committee (AC), in collaboration with the Nairobi work programme, held a
meeting on available tools
for the use of indigenous and traditional knowledge and practices for adaptation, needs of
local and indigenous communities, and the application of gender-sensitive approaches and
tools for adaptation. The observations and findings made at the meeting are available
in the meeting report: FCCC/SBSTA/2014/INF.11.
5–7 March: Fifth meeting of the Adaptation Committee, Bonn, Germany
At the fifth meeting of
the Adaptation Committee (AC) members elected new Co-Chairs, Mr. Juan Pablo
Hoffmaister (Bolivia) and Ms. Christina Chan (US). The agenda spanned a wide range of
topics, including activities geared towards developing strong working linkages between
global, regional and national levels. One of the results in this area was the establishment
of a new working group under the AC focusing on technical support for adaptation.
Strengthening National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) was a further emphasis of AC5, with the
initial meeting of the AC's task force on National Adaptation Plans (NAP Task Force)
taking place. Members of the NAP Task Force initiated consideration of a work plan (232 kB) at the meeting and were able to finalize and publish
it soon after.
11–22 November: COP 19, Warsaw, Poland
The COP, by decision 16/CP.19, welcomed the report of the Adaptation Committee (AC) and
noted with appreciation the progress made by the AC in the implementation of its
3-year workplan, in
particular the progress made in promoting coherence
in adaptation under the Convention, the 2013
thematic report on the state of adaptation, the first annual Adaptation
Forum and the establishment of the task force on national adaptation plans. Parties
also welcomed the elaboration of the activities in the 3-year workplan (128 kB) under
three workstreams in order to enhance overall coherence.The AC was encouraged to continue
its work on providing technical support and guidance to the Parties, in particular in the
area of national adaptation plans, and to seek further
coherence and synergy with other relevant bodies and programmes under the
9–11 September: Workshop on monitoring and evaluation of adaptation, Nadi,
A workshop on monitoring
and evaluation of adaptation took place in Nadi, Fiji, from 9–11 September 2013.
The Adaptation Committee (AC) organized this workshop in order to build on and
contribute to existing processes related to the topic. The workshop engaged leaders in the
monitoring and evaluation of adaptation with expertise in implementing adaptation at
different levels, including the national, programme and project levels, from governments,
regional organizations, development banks, bilateral technical cooperation agencies,
research institutions and civil society. The workshop report will be made available on the
AC's web pages. Following its consideration of that report in early 2014, the ACwill
provide COP 20 with recommendations and guidance for its consideration.
5–7 September: Fourth meeting of the Adaptation Committee, Nadi, Fiji
At its fourth meeting the
Adaptation Committee (AC) was able to significantly progress its work in the area of
promoting coherence in adaptation under the Convention, which is a standing item on its
agenda. The Committee identified areas of collaboration with other bodies under the
Convention, including the Nairobi work programme on
impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change (NWP) and the Least Developed
Countries Expert Group (LEG). It established a task force on National
Adaptation Plans (NAP Task Force), aiming to further support developing countries
seeking to formulate and implement NAPs. Furthermore, the AC elaborated on developing
synergies with organizations, centres and networks outside of the Convention. The Committee
also discussed a number of activities aimed at providing technical support and guidance to
the Parties in two main areas: on adaptation actions and on means of implementation, which
include finance, technology and capacity-building. It also finalized work on its first
thematic report, which aims at providing a snapshot of the state of adaptation under
the Convention and how it has evolved to this point. A comprehensive account on the
AC's work in 2013 is included in document FCCC/SB/2013/2.
18–20 June: Third meeting of the Adaptation Committee, Bonn, Germany
At its third meeting the
Adaptation Committee made good progress on the implementation of its three-year work plan.
Constructive discussion resulted in the definition of next steps in key areas of the
AC's work, such as promoting coherence of adaptation under the Convention, including on
means of implementation; and preparation of a workshop on monitoring and evaluation of
adaptation. The AC also finalized a call for
submissions to regional institutions and UN agencies on information on their support
5–8 March: Second meeting of the Adaptation Committee, Bonn, Germany
The Adaptation Committee held its second meeting from
5–8 March 2013. The Committee elaborated on next steps in the implementation of its
three-year work plan (142 kB) agreed in Doha. Topics discussed at the
meeting included, inter alia, coherence and collaboration on adaptation-related matters
under the Convention, information on support for adaptation in developing countries, work
related to national adaptation planning for LDCs and non-LDC developing Parties, initial
scoping of a workshop on monitoring and evaluation of adaptation, as well as the Adaptation
Committee’s response to a call for views on long-term finance.
29 November – 8 December, COP 18 , Doha, Qatar
The COP, at its 18th session, approved the first
report of the Adaptation Committee without any amendments. The report contains
information on the work of the Committee during its first year, as well as recommendations
to the COP on support for the national adaptation plan process for LDC and non-LDC Parties.
The report also contains the three-year work plan (142 kB) and the rules of procedure
of the Adaptation Committee.
7–10 September, First meeting of the Adaptation Committee, Bangkok,
After an extended waiting period due to the late submission of nominations, the Adaptation
Committee held its inaugural meeting
in Bangkok, Thailand. The Committee elected its Chair and
Vice-Chair and established a three-year work plan. The Committee also agreed on a
set of rules of procedures which are based on the provisions established at COP 17.
28 November–9 December: COP 17, Durban, South Africa
At AWG-LCA 14, part 4, followed by COP 17, Parties agreed on
the composition of, and modalities and procedures for the Adaptation Committee. In
addition, they defined linkages with other
institutions under and outside the Convention and agreed on an indicative list of
activities for the Committee to consider when developing its workplan.
1–7 October, Climate Change Conference, Panama City, Panama
At AWG-LCA 14, part 3, Parties, based on the facilitator's note from Bonn, focused
their discussions on modalities and activities of the Adaptation Committee. Following
additional inputs from Parties and groups of Parties, Parties agreed to forward to AWG-LCA
14, part 4 a draft decision text, which would serve as the basis for finalizing
negotiations on making the Adaptation Committee operational.
6–17 June, Climate Change Conference Bonn, Germany
At AWG-LCA 14, part 2, Parties began their discussions on the Adaptation Committee in
earnest and considered issues such as operational and organizational modalities and
procedures; composition, expertise and terms of office for members, and links with
institutions and bodies under and outside the Convention. Parties agreed to forward to
AWG-LCA 14, part 3, a note by the Facilitator containing a draft decision text, which would
serve as a basis for negotiations.
5–8 April, Climate Change Conference Bangkok, Thailand
At AWG-LCA14, part 1, Parties had before them views
(see also Add.1
and a synthesis
report on the proposed composition, modalities, procedures and linkages of the
Adaptation Committee in order for them to develop a draft decision on the Adaptation
Committee to be adopted by COP 17.
29 November-10 December, COP 16, Cancun, Mexico
Parties adopted the Cancun
Adaptation Framework (CAF) as part of the Cancun Agreements. In the Agreements, Parties
affirmed that adaptation must be addressed with the same level of priority as mitigation.
The CAF was the result of three years of negotiations on adaptation under the AWG-LCA that
followed the adoption of the Bali
Action Plan (BAP) at COP 13 in Bali, Indonesia. The BAP sought to enable the full,
effective and sustained implementation of the Convention through long-term cooperative
action, now, up to and beyond 2012.
As agreed by Parties, enhanced action and international cooperation on adaptation is
urgently required to enable and support the implementation of adaptation actions aimed at
reducing vulnerability and building resilience in developing country Parties, taking into
account the urgent and immediate needs of those developing countries that are particularly
vulnerable. Parties as part of the CAF:
- Initiated a process to enable LDC Parties - building upon their experience with the
- to formulate and implement National Adaptation
Plans and extended an invitation to other developing country Parties to employ the
modalities formulated to support those plans;
- Established a work programme to consider approaches to address loss and damage associated
with climate change impacts in developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the
adverse effects of climate change;
- Established an Adaptation Committee to promote the implementation of enhanced actions
on adaptation in a coherent manner under the Convention.
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