Chronology - Adaptation Committee
7 - 10 March: Eleventh meeting of the Adaptation Committee, Bonn,
At its eleventh meeting
the Adaptation Committee (AC) elected a new Co-Chair, Mr. Clifford Mahlung (Jamaica) and
re-elected Mr. Don Lemmen (Canada).
It made good progress on the mandates from the Paris Agreement. This includes
recommendations on the review of the work of adaptation‐related institutional
arrangements under the Convention, which it plans to finalize at AC12 for forwarding to the
CMA for consideration and adoption. With regard to methodologies for assessing adaptation
needs the AC agreed to organize a small expert meeting at SB46, and concerning the three
joint mandates of the AC and the Least Developing Countries Expert Group (LEG), both groups
will present progress to delegates during a special event also taking place during SB46.
The groups chose a 3-hour format to allow for sufficient time to receive detailed feedback
from delegates on their work so far.
The AC further endorsed the draft agenda for the 2017 TEM-As (16 and 17 May) under the
topic “Integrating climate change adaptation with the Sustainable Development Goals
and the Sendai Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction’’ and the proposed topics
for the TEP-A in 2018 and 2019.
The GCF initiated expert consultations with the AC on the readiness programme for NAPs and
consultations are ongoing on possible collaboration on, and dates for, a workshop to
advance the understanding and overcome challenges relating to the establishment of National
Implementing Entities and accessing the readiness programme for adaptation of the GCF. A
draft information paper on experiences of countries in accessing he readiness programme for
adaptation of the GCF will be made available for the next meeting of the AC.
7 - 19 November: COP 22, Marrakech, Morocco
report of the Adaptation Committee (AC) and the progress made by the AC in the
implementation of its revised workplan for the period 2016-2018, including progress
reported on enhancing overall coherence in relation to adaptation and the relevant
mandates contained in decision 1/CP.21, and on its efforts to enhance its
performance with the overall aim of enhancing adaptation action.
It requested the AC to make use of additional modalities for responding to the
relevant mandates contained in decision 1/CP.21, including engaging with the
Nairobi work programme and its partner organizations, research institutions and
other institutional arrangements outside the Convention. In addition, the COP
requested the AC to accelerate preparations for the 2017 technical expert meetings
on adaptation, including the selection of topics, ensuring that the technical
examination process on adaptation meets its objective of identifying concrete
opportunities for strengthening resilience, reducing vulnerabilities and increasing
the understanding and implementation of adaptation action, including through
It concluded the review of the progress and performance of the Adaptation Committee
on the basis of the information contained in its annual reports in the period
2012−2016 and requested the Adaptation Committee, as an outcome of this
review, to continue with the implementation of its revised workplan, in particular
by giving priority to the activities in support of the Paris Agreement, and to seek
further ways to enhance its progress, effectiveness and performance.
13-16 September: Tenth meeting of the Adaptation Committee, Bonn,
At its tenth
meeting the Adaptation Committee (AC) agreed on the next steps and new
arrangements to work on the implementation of the joint AC and LEG mandates
stemming from decision 1/CP.21. To this effect, and AC/LEG joint working group was
established to work intersessionally and on the margins of COP 22, inviting the
participation of the SCF. Interim results of the work will be presented at a COP 22
The AC has also made good progress on planning for 2017 review of the work of other
adaptation-related institutional arrangements under the Convention, and on
assessing adaptation needs. It agreed to invite submissions from Parties and other
stakeholders to inform its further work.
With regard to technical support and guidance to the Parties on adaptation action,
the AC set up enhanced collaboration with NWP partners (through the secretariat) on
M&E, and with NWP support and CTCN on collaboration with regional centres. Also
the revised ToR and flexible workplan of the NAP Task Force were agreed upon.
The AC agreed on an expanded TEP-A working group involving other bodies and
stakeholders and agreed to forward a draft list of topics for the 2017-2020 TEMs
for the consideration of the working.
Due to financial constrains the 10th meeting of the AC could not be webcast. The AC
highlighted the urgent need of providing resources to the AC in its report to the
24-25 May: Technical Expert Meetings on Adaptation at SB 44
As part of the
Technical Examination Process on Adaptation, two technical expert meetings on
adaptation (TEM-A) were organized under the umbrella topic: Reducing vulnerability
and mainstreaming climate change adaptation, including through the process to
formulate and implement national adaptation plans. The first
TEM-A focused on enhancing the implementation of adaptation action with
emphasis on gaps, needs, challenges, options and opportunities for implementation
on the ground; means of implementation, including for the improvement of climate
information services and understanding of scientific information at the national
level; and good practices for reducing vulnerability. The second
TEM-A focused on effective policy frameworks and institutional arrangements for
adaptation planning and implementation, including for multi-level governance and
monitoring and evaluation. This process was established at COP 21 as part of the
enhanced action prior to 2020 in the decision adopting the Paris Agreement.
17 May: Side event of the Adaptation Committee at SB 44 on collaboration with
regional centres and networks
side event took place during SB 44 in Bonn, providing an overview of the ground
work already done by the AC on what would be needed in terms of technical support
to developing country Parties and subsequently seeking input from the audience on
if and how the establishment of a new partnership could be of added value. This
side event is one of the many activities under the AC’s workstream on
technical support and guidance to Parties, responding to the COP decision 1/CP/16.
12 May: Third Adaptation Forum, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
Adaptation Forum took place as part of the 2016 Adaptation Futures conference
in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. The AC used the opportunity of having a broad range
of experts available to seek input on two out of its five mandates from Paris by
first framing and then asking the following two questions: What is needed to
objectively review the adequacy and effectiveness of adaptation actions and the
support for adaptation in countries? And what can be done to effectively and
efficiently recognize the adaptation efforts that have been undertaken by
developing countries? The Forum proved a good entry point into the discussion and
reflected a broad range of views and understandings regarding both issues. There
was broad interest to contribute to the work of the AC on these matters and
participants were invited to provide further written inputs via email to AC@unfccc.int..
1-3 March: Ninth meeting of the Adaptation Committee, Bonn, Germany
At its ninth
meeting the Adaptation Committee (AC) elected a new Co-Chair, Ms. Minpeng Chen
(China) and re-elected Mr. Don Lemmen (Canada). The AC agreed on a revised workplan for the years 2016 to 2018 in line
with the new mandates from COP21.
The AC further took into consideration the continued work of its NAP TF
and invited the LEG, the SCF, the TEC and the GCF to nominate or re-nominate
With regard to supporting the implementation of the Paris outcome, the AC agreed on
next steps to undertake the five tasks that were mandated to the AC or to the AC
together with other bodies. For the 2016 Technical Examination Process on
adaptation (TEP-A) the AC agreed on the umbrella topic “Reducing
vulnerability and mainstreaming climate change adaptation, including through the
process to formulate and implement national adaptation plans”, which will
inform the technical examination meetings as well as the technical papers and
summary for policy makers this year.
It also agreed on next steps in the collaboration with the GCF and endorsed a
concept note for a side event which will set the groundwork for a potential
partnership platform with national, regional and international organizations,
centres and networks.
30 November-12 December: COP 21, Paris, France
appreciated the progress made by the Adaptation Committee (AC) in the
implementation of its first 3-year workplan. Furthermore, it welcomed the
report of the AC, including its recommendations and the workplan of the AC for
the period 2016–2018 contained in its annex. Based on a recommendation from
the AC, the COP invited the IPCC to enhance outreach activities that would
facilitate policymakers’ understanding of the impact of different levels of
warming on adaptation planning and actions. It requested the AC to further
strengthen cooperation with the SCF and other constituted bodies under the
Convention, with a view to enhancing coherence and collaboration regarding
adaptation finance. In addition, the COP requested the TEC, in collaboration with
the CTCN, AC and LEG, to consider how it can help Parties to align their technology
needs assessments with the process to formulate and implement NAPs.
The Paris Agreement further contains a range of new activities for the AC,
including to conduct a technical examination process on adaptation.
9-12 September: Eighth meeting of the Adaptation Committee, Bonn,
At its eighth
meeting the AC agreed on its future workplan for the years 2016-2018. The
workplan builds on the results of the AC's work undertaken so far and maintains
flexibility to take on new and emerging tasks, including those resulting from
future agreements and decisions under the Convention, including COP 21, as well as
the 2016 review of the progress and performance of the AC.
The AC further agreed on its inputs to the SCF's guidance to the operating
entities of the financial mechanism under the Convention and considered the
outlines for two forthcoming publications, namely its 2015 Overview Report and
a publication on support available for the process to formulate and implement
NAPs. Both publications will be made available before COP 21.
Based on the outcomes of its work carried out throughout 2015, including an input
document containing information, key issues and recommendations on the means of
implementation for enhanced adaptation action, the AC also agreed on
recommendations to be forwarded to COP 21 for consideration, which will be
contained in this year's report of the AC.
7-8 September: Expert meeting on promoting livelihoods and economic
diversification, Bonn, Germany
The meeting took place immediately before AC 8, building on the relevant work
undertaken under the NWP on this matter.
It was held under the guidance of the Chair of the SBSTA and in collaboration with
relevant NWP organizations. The expert meeting was attended by almost 40
experts on livelihood and economic diversification and was informed by a variety of
case studies provided by NWP partners.
Participants discussed economic diversification at the regional and national
levels, livelihood diversification at the household and community levels, as well
as options to strengthen linkages between both, including processes and tools that
can effectively integrate efforts, in particular in the NAP process. For more
information please visit the dedicated
The report on the meeting will be made available for consideration by AC 9. In
addition, the AC will also issue in 2016 a user-friendly information product to
disseminate the findings from the meeting.
16-17 April: Workshop on experiences, good practices, lessons learned, gaps
and needs on the process to formulate and implement national adaptation
plans, Bonn, Germany
The AC, in collaboration with the LEG, organized this workshop
back to back with the NAP Expo, drawing upon experts and practitioners at different
levels to share experiences, good practices, lessons learned, gaps and needs on the
process to formulate and implement NAPs.
The workshop built on the outcomes of the previous year’s meeting organized
by the AC's NAP taskforce, the work on the means of implementation for
enhanced adaptation action and on information exchanged during the NAP Expo. The
workshop was informed by an information paper (FCCC/SBI/2014/INF.14).
At COP 20, Parties decided that there is a need to enhance the reporting on the
process to formulate and implement NAPs and noted the need to strengthen the
existing reporting related to the process. The COP decided to explore reporting
options as part of this workshop and to then further consider how to enhance
reporting related to the NAP process at SBI 42. SBI 42 then initiated its
consideration of options on this matter, taking into account information contained
in the workshop report (FCCC/SBI/2015/INF.6).
The SBI agreed to continue that consideration at SBI 44.
7 March: Second Adaptation Forum “Institutional arrangements to
build partnerships and strengthen regional networks” Panama City,
The AC held its 2015 Adaptation
Forum in conjunction with the first forum of the Global Adaptation Network
The objectives of the 2015 Adaptation Forum were to build and share partnerships
and to prioritize areas for cooperation
to support improved regional institutional arrangements for adaptation, as well as
encouraging the engagement of regional networks and institutions with the AC.
The event brought together almost 100 participants, including individuals from
various adaptation knowledge networks and institutions, government officials and
experts working in the field of climate change adaptation, providing an opportunity
for dialogue and learning between adaptation actors and networks inter-regionally
2-4 March: Workshop on the means of implementation for enhanced
adaptation action, Bonn, Germany
The overarching topic of the workshop was understanding adaptation finance: how has
adaptation finance resulted – or not resulted – in effective and
The workshop explored the following five topics: access to finance; national-level
institutional arrangements and mobilization of finance in developing countries; the
importance of integrating adaptation into development; the role of the private
sector; and the NAP process.
The workshop was informed by a synthesis paper ( AC/2015/9), based on submissions and other relevant
information on adaptation finance, which was provided as background in advance of
the workshop. The synthesis paper, the report on the workshop and other background
information are available on the workshop
24-27 February: Seventh meeting of the Adaptation Committee, Bonn,
At its seventh meeting the
Adaptation Committee (AC) members elected a new Co-Chair, Mr. Don Lemmen
(Canada) and re-elected Mr. Juan Hoffmaister (Bolivia, Plurinational State of) as
Co-Chair. Relevant progress was made, including in the areas of coherence and
collaboration, with participation of one of the Co-Chairs of the GCF.
With regard to adaptation finance, the AC agreed to discontinue fragmented
discussions and to give that matter a focused discussion space under agenda item on
means of implementation. The involvement of external experts was further perceived
as a good initiative to advance the work of the AC.
The areas of M&E and NAPs particularly profited from this expert participation,
as well as an open discussion day to exchange views and ideas for the next workplan
of the Adaptation Committee.
In addition, observers acknowledged the work of the AC and welcomed its
1–14 December: COP 20, Lima, Peru
appreciated the continued work of the AC on providing technical support and
guidance to the Parties on adaptation action, including through the work carried
out by the Committee's task force on
national adaptation plans. It requested Parties, operating entities of the
Financial Mechanism and other relevant entities working on adaptation to consider
the recommendations contained in chapter V of the
report of the AC. It welcomed the initiation of consideration by the AC
of its next work plan, starting in 2016.
29 September to 1 October: Sixth meeting of the Adaptation Committee, Bonn,
At its sixth
meeting the Adaptation Committee (AC) discussed progress on its
enhanced collaboration with related processes under the Convention, in particular
the Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG), the Technology Executive
Committee (TEC) and the Standing Committee on Finance (SCF). This includes a number
of activities planned jointly, such as an AC/LEG workshop on NAPs and collaboration
with Nairobi work programme partners on a workshop on economic diversification and
livelihoods, both scheduled for 2015.
Another highlight was progress made on the third thematic workshop planned for
2015, which the AC is organizing under its work stream on means to incentivize the
implementation of adaptation action. The AC fleshed out further details on that
workshop which is planned to be held during the first quarter of 2015.
The AC further refined a draft thematic report entitled "Institutional
arrangements for national adaptation planning and implementation" which will
be launched during COP 20 in Lima.
The next meeting of the AC is scheduled to take place in early 2015. The AC is
further exploring possibilities to collaborate with UNEP in the organization of the
next Adaptation Forum in the context of the Global Adaptation Network (GAN) in
early March. The Adaptation Forum would focus on the topic of building
partnerships and strengthening regional adaptation networks.
26–27 September: Meeting of the NAP Task Force with representatives
from UN agencies, multilateral and bilateral organizations and NGOs
The sixth meeting of the Adaptation Committee (AC) was preceded by a two-day
interactive discussion of the AC's Task
Force on National Adaptation Plans (NAP Task Force) with representatives from UN
agencies, multilateral and bilateral organizations and NGOs supporting the NAP
process. The discussion focused on support for NAPs and explored how
organizations can best support the process. The findings of that meeting fed into
AC6 where the Committee considered possible next steps, which have
been included in the
report of the AC to COP 20.
1–4 April: Joint meeting of the Adaptation Committee and the
Nairobi work programme
The Adaptation Committee (AC), in collaboration with the Nairobi work programme,
held a meeting on
available tools for the use of indigenous and traditional knowledge and practices
for adaptation, needs of local and indigenous communities, and the application of
gender-sensitive approaches and tools for adaptation. The observations and
findings made at the meeting are available in the meeting report: FCCC/SBSTA/2014/INF.11.
5–7 March: Fifth meeting of the Adaptation Committee, Bonn,
At the fifth
meeting of the Adaptation Committee (AC) members elected new
Co-Chairs, Mr. Juan Pablo Hoffmaister (Bolivia) and Ms. Christina Chan (US).
The agenda spanned a wide range of topics, including activities geared towards
developing strong working linkages between global, regional and national levels.
One of the results in this area was the establishment of a new working group under
the AC focusing on technical support for adaptation.
Strengthening National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) was a further emphasis of AC5, with
the initial meeting of the AC's task force on National Adaptation Plans (NAP
Task Force) taking place. Members of the NAP Task Force initiated consideration of
a work plan (232 kB) at the meeting and were able to
finalize and publish it soon after.
11–22 November: COP 19, Warsaw, Poland
The COP, by decision 16/CP.19, welcomed the report of the Adaptation Committee
(AC) and noted with appreciation the progress made by the AC in the
implementation of its 3-year
workplan, in particular the progress made in
promoting coherence in adaptation under the
Convention, the 2013
thematic report on the state of adaptation, the first annual
Adaptation Forum and the establishment of the task force on national adaptation
plans. Parties also welcomed the elaboration of the activities in the 3-year workplan
(128 kB) under three workstreams in order to enhance overall coherence.The AC was
encouraged to continue its work on providing technical support and guidance to the
Parties, in particular in the area of national adaptation plans, and to
seek further coherence and synergy with other relevant
bodies and programmes under the Convention.
9–11 September: Workshop on monitoring and evaluation of adaptation,
A workshop on
monitoring and evaluation of adaptation took place in Nadi, Fiji, from
9–11 September 2013. The Adaptation Committee (AC) organized this
workshop in order to build on and contribute to existing processes related to the
topic. The workshop engaged leaders in the monitoring and evaluation of adaptation
with expertise in implementing adaptation at different levels, including the
national, programme and project levels, from governments, regional organizations,
development banks, bilateral technical cooperation agencies, research institutions
and civil society. The workshop report will be made available on the AC's web
pages. Following its consideration of that report in early 2014, the ACwill provide
COP 20 with recommendations and guidance for its consideration.
5–7 September: Fourth meeting of the Adaptation Committee, Nadi,
At its fourth
meeting the Adaptation Committee (AC) was able to significantly progress
its work in the area of promoting coherence in adaptation under the Convention,
which is a standing item on its agenda. The Committee identified areas of
collaboration with other bodies under the Convention, including the Nairobi
work programme on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change (NWP)
and the Least Developed
Countries Expert Group (LEG). It established a task force on
National Adaptation Plans (NAP Task Force), aiming to further support
developing countries seeking to formulate and implement NAPs. Furthermore, the AC
elaborated on developing synergies with organizations, centres and networks outside
of the Convention. The Committee also discussed a number of activities aimed at
providing technical support and guidance to the Parties in two main areas: on
adaptation actions and on means of implementation, which include finance,
technology and capacity-building. It also finalized work on its first
thematic report, which aims at providing a snapshot of the state of adaptation
under the Convention and how it has evolved to this point. A comprehensive account
on the AC's work in 2013 is included in document
18–20 June: Third meeting of the Adaptation Committee, Bonn,
At its third
meeting the Adaptation Committee made good progress on the implementation of
its three-year work plan. Constructive discussion resulted in the definition of
next steps in key areas of the AC's work, such as promoting coherence of
adaptation under the Convention, including on means of implementation; and
preparation of a workshop on monitoring and evaluation of adaptation. The AC also
finalized a call for
submissions to regional institutions and UN agencies on information on their
support for adaptation.
5–8 March: Second meeting of the Adaptation Committee, Bonn,
The Adaptation Committee held its second
meeting from 5–8 March 2013. The Committee elaborated on next steps in
the implementation of its three-year work plan (142 kB) agreed in Doha. Topics
discussed at the meeting included, inter alia, coherence and collaboration on
adaptation-related matters under the Convention, information on support for
adaptation in developing countries, work related to national adaptation planning
for LDCs and non-LDC developing Parties, initial scoping of a workshop on
monitoring and evaluation of adaptation, as well as the Adaptation
Committee’s response to a call for views on long-term finance.
29 November – 8 December, COP 18 , Doha, Qatar
The COP, at its 18th session, approved the
first report of the Adaptation Committee without any amendments. The report
contains information on the work of the Committee during its first year, as well as
recommendations to the COP on support for the national adaptation plan process for
LDC and non-LDC Parties. The report also contains the three-year work plan (142 kB) and the rules of
procedure of the Adaptation Committee.
7–10 September, First meeting of the Adaptation Committee, Bangkok,
After an extended waiting period due to the late submission of nominations, the
Adaptation Committee held its inaugural
meeting in Bangkok, Thailand. The Committee elected its Chair and
Vice-Chair and established a three-year work plan. The Committee also
agreed on a set of rules of procedures which are based on the provisions
established at COP 17.
28 November–9 December: COP 17, Durban, South Africa
At AWG-LCA 14, part 4, followed by COP 17, Parties agreed
on the composition of, and modalities and procedures for the Adaptation
Committee. In addition, they defined linkages
with other institutions under and outside the Convention and agreed on an
of activities for the Committee to consider when developing its workplan.
1–7 October, Climate Change Conference, Panama City, Panama
At AWG-LCA 14, part 3, Parties, based on the facilitator's note from Bonn,
focused their discussions on modalities and activities of the Adaptation Committee.
Following additional inputs from Parties and groups of Parties, Parties agreed to
forward to AWG-LCA 14, part 4 a draft decision text, which would serve as the basis
for finalizing negotiations on making the Adaptation Committee
6–17 June, Climate Change Conference Bonn, Germany
At AWG-LCA 14, part 2, Parties began their discussions on the Adaptation Committee
in earnest and considered issues such as operational and organizational modalities
and procedures; composition, expertise and terms of office for members, and links
with institutions and bodies under and outside the Convention. Parties agreed to
forward to AWG-LCA 14, part 3, a note by the Facilitator containing a draft
decision text, which would serve as a basis for negotiations.
5–8 April, Climate Change Conference Bangkok, Thailand
At AWG-LCA14, part 1, Parties had before them
views (see also
Add.2) and a
synthesis report on the proposed composition, modalities, procedures and
linkages of the Adaptation Committee in order for them to develop a draft decision
on the Adaptation Committee to be adopted by COP 17.
29 November-10 December, COP 16, Cancun, Mexico
Parties adopted the
Cancun Adaptation Framework (CAF) as part of the Cancun Agreements. In the
Agreements, Parties affirmed that adaptation must be addressed with the same level
of priority as mitigation. The CAF was the result of three years of negotiations on
adaptation under the AWG-LCA that followed the adoption of the
Bali Action Plan (BAP) at COP 13 in Bali, Indonesia. The BAP sought to enable
the full, effective and sustained implementation of the Convention through
long-term cooperative action, now, up to and beyond 2012.
As agreed by Parties, enhanced action and international cooperation on adaptation
is urgently required to enable and support the implementation of adaptation actions
aimed at reducing vulnerability and building resilience in developing country
Parties, taking into account the urgent and immediate needs of those developing
countries that are particularly vulnerable. Parties as part of the CAF:
- Initiated a process to enable LDC Parties - building upon their experience with
the NAPAs - to
formulate and implement National
Adaptation Plans and extended an invitation to other developing country Parties
to employ the modalities formulated to support those plans;
- Established a work programme to consider approaches to address loss and damage
associated with climate change impacts in developing countries that are
particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change;
- Established an Adaptation Committee to promote the implementation of enhanced
actions on adaptation in a coherent manner under the Convention.
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