Overview of the intergovernmental process
Recognizing the need to strengthen international cooperation and expertise in order to understand and
reduce loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change, the Conference of the
Parties (COP) at the Cancun Climate Change
Conference (COP16, 2010) established a work programme in order to consider
approaches to address loss and damage associated with climate change impacts in developing countries
that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change (decision
1/CP.16, paragraphs 25-29), as part of the Cancun Adaptation Framework.
The COP, by the same decision, requested the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) to make
recommendations on loss and damage to the COP for its consideration at COP 18.
Considering the outcomes of the implementation of the work programme to date, the COP at the Doha
Climate Change Conference (COP18, 2012):
- Decided to establish, at COP19, institutional arrangements, such as an international mechanism to
address loss and damage
- Agreed on the following interim activities:
- Preparation of technical papers: One on non-economic losses and another on gaps in existing
institutional arrangements within and outside of the Convention
- Organization of an expert meeting to consider future needs, including capacity needs
associated with possible approaches to address slow onset events
Parties will elaborate activities to further the understanding of and expertise on loss and damage at
the next session (June 2013).
Overview of the implementation of the work programme
Since the launch of the work programme at COP16, a wide range of activities have been implemented.
These and their associated outputs are summarized in the diagram below.
The table below provides links to further information related to the activities undertaken in 2012 as
mandated by Decision
7/CP.17 (page 5 of the report of the COP 17).
Overview of activities related to the three thematic areas of the Work programme on
loss and damage
Thematic Area I :
Assessing the risk of loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change and
current knowledge on the same
Thematic Area II :
A range of approaches to address loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate
change, including impacts related to extreme weather events and slow onset events, taking into
consideration experiences at all levels
Thematic Area III:
The role of the Convention in enhancing implementation of approaches to address loss and damage
associated with the adverse effects of climate change